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Correlative Microstructure Analysis and In Situ Corrosion Study of AISI 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel for Plastic Molding Applications
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, ISSN 0013-4651, E-ISSN 1945-7111, Vol. 164, no 4, C85-C93 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this work, the corrosion behavior of tempered AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel (MSS) was studied by in-situ atomic force microscopy (AFM) in 0.1M NaCl and correlated with the microstructure. Thermocalc simulation, dilatometry, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were performed to investigate phase transformation which showed the formation of M3C, M7C3, and M23C6 type of carbides and also retained austenite. Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and AFM characterization revealed undissolved carbides and tempering carbides in the martensitic matrix. Volta potential mapping measured by scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy (SKPFM) indicated higher electrochemical (practical) nobility of the carbides with respect to the martensitic matrix whereas regions adjacent to carbides showed lower nobilities due to chromium depletion. Open circuit potential and cyclic potentiodynamic polarization measurements showed metastable corrosion activities associated with a weak passive behavior and a risk for localized corrosion along certain carbide boundaries. In-situ AFM measurements revealed selective dissolution of certain carbide interphases and martensitic inter-lath regions indicating higher propensity to localized corrosion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Electrochemical Society, 2017. Vol. 164, no 4, C85-C93 p.
National Category
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208588DOI: 10.1149/2.0531704jesISI: 000400958600073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-208588DiVA: diva2:1108089
Note

QC 20170612

Available from: 2017-06-12 Created: 2017-06-12 Last updated: 2017-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Anantha, Krishnan HariramabadranÖrnek, CemPan, Jinshan
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CiteExportLink to record
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