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Charge separation and transport in La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta and ion-doping ceria heterostructure material for new generation fuel cell
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology. Hubei University, China.
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2017 (English)In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 37, 195-202 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Functionalities in heterostructure oxide material interfaces are an emerging subject resulting in extraordinary material properties such as great enhancement in the ionic conductivity in a heterostructure between a semiconductor SrTiO3 and an ionic conductor YSZ (yttrium stabilized zirconia), which can be expected to have a profound effect in oxygen ion conductors and solid oxide fuel cells [1-4]. Hereby we report a semiconductorionic heterostructure La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-delta (LSCF) and Sm-Ca co-doped ceria (SCDC) material possessing unique properties for new generation fuel cells using semiconductor-ionic heterostructure composite materials. The LSCF-SCDC system contains both ionic and electronic conductivities, above 0.1 S/cm, but used as the electrolyte for the fuel cell it has displayed promising performance in terms of OCV (above 1.0 V) and enhanced power density (ca. 1000 mW/cm(2) at 550 degrees C). Such high electronic conduction in the electrolyte membrane does not cause any short-circuiting problem in the device, instead delivering enhanced power output. Thus, the study of the charge separation/transport and electron blocking mechanism is crucial and can play a vital role in understanding the resulting physical properties and physics of the materials and device. With atomic level resolution ARM 200CF microscope equipped with the electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) analysis, we can characterize more accurately the buried interface between the LSCF and SCDC further reveal the properties and distribution of charge carriers in the heterostructures. This phenomenon constrains the carrier mobility and determines the charge separation and devices' fundamental working mechanism; continued exploration of this frontier can fulfill a next generation fuel cell based on the new concept of semiconductor-ionic fuel cells (SIFCs).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 37, 195-202 p.
Keyword [en]
Fuel cell device, Semiconductor ionic fuel cell, Charge separation, ionic transport, Heterostructure, Composite, Semiconductor-ion material
National Category
Nano Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-209279DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.05.003ISI: 000402704500022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85019186593OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-209279DiVA: diva2:1111820
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2011-4983EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 303454EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 312483
Note

QC 20170619

Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2017-06-19Bibliographically approved

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