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BIM research: Common perspectives and implications for future research
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5744-9445
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 9th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization: 13-14 June, 2017 at Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, SWEDEN / [ed] Martine Buser, Göran Lindahl and Christine Räisänen, Lyngby, 2017Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The expectations on the impact of digitalization, and in particular Building Information Modelling (BIM), are high in both practice and research. Both academia and industry have paid much attention to and invested major resources in BIM during the last decade. However, the research area is not new and has been developing since the 1990s. During this time, most studies have applied rational and technical perspectives to understand BIM implementation and only a have regarded BIM implementation from more reflective and critical perspectives. There are however those who argue that the large interest in BIM research on the rational and technical perspectives, that often proclaim the impact of BIM for increased productivity and efficiency, has created a hype around the concept. This study takes off from this notion and aims to build an argument for broadening the research on BIM. This study examines what knowledge interests and perspectives that are most common in the research on BIM that has been used by and gained influence on the research community. This study examined the knowledge interests of BIM research in terms of knowledge domains (technical, practical and emancipatory) and sociotechnical interest. This study elaborates on effects of limiting research on BIM to technical and normative perspectives. By applying the concept of hegemony, this study contributes to the limited but growing interest in critical perspectives of technology driven change. Implications of a continued technological and normative predomination for future research and practice are also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lyngby, 2017.
Keywords [en]
BIM, hegemony, knowledge domains, social power
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-209462ISI: 000426878400043ISBN: 9788750211259 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-209462DiVA, id: diva2:1112307
Conference
9th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization, 13-14 June, 2017 at Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
Note

QC 20170620

Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Business Value of BIM: Elaborating on Content and Perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Business Value of BIM: Elaborating on Content and Perspective
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The expectations on digitalization and Building Information Modeling (BIM) in the Architectural, Engineering and Construction (AEC) are high. The high expectations are reflected in an increasing interest for the term business value of BIM. However, the practical and theoretical understanding of its content and perspective is characterized by rationalism and positivism commercially promoted by industry. This thesis aims to reflect on, problematize and extend the theoretical understanding of the content and perspective of the business value of BIM. Perceptions about business value of BIM, the associated challenges and costs and the role of the business of BIM in a wider socio-technical context are examined among Swedish and international AEC industry actors and a large Swedish public infrastructure client. To extend the understanding of the content and perspective of the business value of BIM, the rational and process-oriented theories on the business value of IT are combined with the more interpretive and hermeneutic socio-technical systems theory. A social and cognitive dimension is thus added to the understanding of the business value of BIM and business value of IT.  By combining the two research fields and contributing with the socio-technical perspective to the theoretical understanding of business value, this thesis contributes with theory development of the understanding of business value BIM and business value of IT.  For practitioners, the thesis shows the complex, multi-dimensional and challenging aspects of implementing BIM for business value. The journey of perspectives in this thesis from positivism towards increased interpretivism also sheds light on the implications of when different perspectives exert influence on a research field (hegemony) and wishes to provide a contrast and balance to the rational and positivistic perspectives in BIM research. It also wishes to inspire future BIM research to broaden the theoretical perspectives.

Abstract [sv]

Förväntningarna på digitalisering och Byggnadsinformationsmodellering (BIM) i samhällsbyggnadssektorn är höga och reflekteras i ett ökande intresse för affärsnyttan av BIM. Den praktiska och teoretiska förståelsen av innehåll och perspektivet i affärsnyttan av BIM har karaktäriserats av rationalism och positivism som upprätthållits i kommersiella syften. Denna avhandling syftar till att reflektera över, problematisera och utöka förståelsen av innehållet och perspektivet av affärsnyttan av BIM. Den upplevda affärsnyttan av BIM, de associerade utmaningarna och kostnaderna och rollen av affärsnyttan av BIM i ett bredare sociotekniskt perspektiv undersöks bland aktörer i den svenska och internationella samhällsbyggnadssektorn samt hos en stor svenskt offentlig beställare av infrastruktur. För att problematisera över och utöka förståelsen av affärsnyttan av BIM kombinerar denna avhandlingen de rationella och process orienterade teorierna inom business value of IT med den mer hermeneutiska socio-technical systems teorin. Genom att kombinera dessa två fält bidrar avhandlingen med ett socialt och kognitivt perspektiv till den teoretiska förståelsen av affärsnytta. Det teoretiska bidraget består således av teoriutveckling. För praktiker belyser avhandlingen de komplexa, multi-dimensionella och utmananande aspekterna med att implementera BIM för affärsnytta. Resan i perspektiv från positivism och rationalism mot ökad interpretivism i avhandlingen belyser också implikationerna av hur olika perspektiv får inflytande över ett forskningsfält (hegemoni) och önskar bidra med en kontrast och balans till det rationella och positivistiska perspektivet i BIM forskning. Det är också förhoppningen att avhandlingens resa i perspektiv kan inspirera framtida forskning på BIM att vidga de teoretiska vyerna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. p. 62
Series
TRITA-FOB ; 2017:6
Keywords
Business value, Building Information Modelling, socio-technical
National Category
Construction Management Business Administration
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-214617 (URN)978-91-85783-81-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-17, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Note

QC 20170920

Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2017-09-21Bibliographically approved

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