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A Study of Coronary Bifurcation Shape in a Normal Population
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research, ISSN 1937-5387, E-ISSN 1937-5395, Vol. 10, no 1, 82-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During percutaneous coronary intervention, stents are placed in narrowings of the arteries to restore normal blood flow. Despite improvements in stent design, deployment techniques and drug-eluting coatings, restenosis and stent thrombosis remain a significant problem. Population stent design based on statistical shape analysis may improve clinical outcomes. Computed tomographic (CT) coronary angiography scans from 211 patients with a zero calcium score, no stenoses and no intermediate artery, were used to create statistical shape models of 446 major coronary artery bifurcations (left main, first diagonal and obtuse marginal and right coronary crux). Coherent point drift was used for registration. Principal component analysis shape scores were tested against clinical risk factors, quantifying the importance of recognised shape features in intervention including size, angles and curvature. Significant differences were found in (1) vessel size and bifurcation angle between the left main and other bifurcations; (2) inlet and curvature angle between the right coronary crux and other bifurcations; and (3) size and bifurcation angle by sex. Hypertension, smoking history and diabetes did not appear to have an association with shape. Physiological diameter laws were compared, with the Huo-Kassab model having the best fit. Bifurcation coronary anatomy can be partitioned into clinically meaningful modes of variation showing significant shape differences. A computational atlas of normal coronary bifurcation shape, where disease is common, may aid in the design of new stents and deployment techniques, by providing data for bench-top testing and computational modelling of blood flow and vessel wall mechanics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2017. Vol. 10, no 1, 82-90 p.
Keyword [en]
Coronary bifurcation anatomy, Atlasing, CT angiography
National Category
Clinical Medicine
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-205108DOI: 10.1007/s12265-016-9720-2ISI: 000395012700009PubMedID: 28028693Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85007507461OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-205108DiVA: diva2:1114879
Note

QC 20170626

Available from: 2017-06-26 Created: 2017-06-26 Last updated: 2017-06-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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