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Airway-tree segmentation in subjects with acute respiratory distress syndrome
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2017 (English)In: 20th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, SCIA 2017, Springer, 2017, Vol. 10270, 76-87 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with a high mortality rate in intensive care units. To lower the number of fatal cases, it is necessary to customize the mechanical ventilator parameters according to the patient’s clinical condition. For this, lung segmentation is required to assess aeration and alveolar recruitment. Airway segmentation may be used to reach a more accurate lung segmentation. In this paper, we seek to improve lung segmentation results by proposing a novel automatic airway-tree segmentation that is able to address the heterogeneity of ARDS pathology by handling various lung intensities differently. The method detects a simplified airway skeleton, thereby obtains a set of seed points together with an approximate radius and intensity range related to each of the points. These seeds are the input for an onion-kernel region-growing segmentation algorithm where knowledge about radius and intensity range restricts the possible leakage in the parenchyma. The method was evaluated qualitatively on 70 thoracic Computed Tomography volumes of subjects with ARDS, acquired at significantly different mechanical ventilation conditions. It found a large proportion of airway branches including tiny poorly-aerated bronchi. Quantitative evaluation was performed indirectly and showed that the resulting airway segmentation provides important anatomic landmarks. Their correspondences are needed to help a registration-based segmentation of the lungs in difficult ARDS cases where the lung boundary contrast is completely missing. The proposed method takes an average time of 43 s to process a thoracic volume which is valuable for the clinical use.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017. Vol. 10270, 76-87 p.
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), ISSN 0302-9743 ; 10270
Keyword [en]
Airway segmentation, Airway-tree centerline detection, Thoracic CT ARDS
National Category
Medical Image Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-210009DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-59129-2_7Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020380908ISBN: 9783319591285 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-210009DiVA: diva2:1116899
Conference
20th Scandinavian Conference on Image Analysis, SCIA 2017, Tromso, Norway, 12 June 2017 through 14 June 2017
Note

QC 20170628

Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-28 Last updated: 2017-06-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf