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Recent Advances in Ion-selective membrane electrodes for in situ environmental water analysis
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Applied Physical Chemistry.
2017 (English)In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 1873-3859, Vol. 245, 1023-1034 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ion-selective membrane electrodes (ISEs) have become very attractive sensing platforms for environmental water analysis. This review mainly presents recent advances in polymeric-based ISEs relevant to water research and primarily focused on alkali and alkali earth-metal cations, ammonium ions, halide anions and certain oxoanions involved in biogeochemical cycles (e.g. nutrients (NO2 −, NO3 −), carbon (HCO3 −/CO3 2−) and phosphorus (HPO4 2−/H2PO4 −)). Clearly, ISEs have the potential to be the icon of decentralized ion chemical information for water research as in the case of wearable ISE sensors. The modern development of robust ISEs (mainly in all-solid-state format) has allowed an easy implementation either into submersible or non-submersible probes that maintain, to an acceptable degree, the required analytical performance. Remarkable benefits, such as avoidance of sample contamination, sample preservation and determination of perturbations of chemical speciation, are significant to enhancing the fundamental knowledge of ongoing biogeochemical process. A perspective on the current requirements of ISEs in terms of analytical performance and engineering construction is provided initially and is followed by recent contributions listed according to the sampling methodology, including i) on-board/on-site sampling with subsequent coverage of decentralized analysis (on moving or fixed platforms) and ii) in situ monitoring with submersible sensing probes. On the one hand, there is difficulty in making a general statement about ISEs for water research, specifically in terms of whether they are suitable. This lies in the complexity and heterogeneity of the samples. Accordingly, particular scenarios are discussed. On the other hand, it is also evident that further steps are still needed at the fundamental level, including development of receptors, robust membranes and novel alternatives that would enable the sensing of ions at deep-sea. Importantly, there is a plenty of room for improvement and new approaches; and it should be stressed that the recent progress in water research using ISEs has been owing to multidisciplinary efforts. Facing this challenge is very exciting and the development of ISE platforms that enable working in real conditions is quite plausible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 245, 1023-1034 p.
Keyword [en]
Environmental analysis, In situ ion detection, Ion monitoring, Ion-selective membrane electrodes, Water research
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-210192DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2017.05.159Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020634322OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-210192DiVA: diva2:1117478
Note

QC 20170629

Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-06-29Bibliographically approved

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Crespo, Gastón Adrián
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