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First-principles prediction of the stacking fault energy of gold at finite temperature
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics. Uppsala University, Sweden. (Enheten egenskaper)
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics. (Enheten egenskaper)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9317-6205
2017 (English)In: Acta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6454, E-ISSN 1873-2453, Vol. 135, p. 88-95Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The intrinsic stacking fault energy (ISFE) γ is a material parameter fundamental to the discussion of plastic deformation mechanisms in metals. Here, we scrutinize the temperature dependence of the ISFE of Au through accurate first-principles derived Helmholtz free energies employing both the super cell approach and the axial Ising model (AIM). A significant decrease of the ISFE with temperature, −(36–39) % from 0 to 890 K depending on the treatment of thermal expansion, is revealed, which matches the estimate based on the experimental temperature coefficient dγ/dT closely. We make evident that this decrease predominantly originates from the excess vibrational entropy at the stacking fault layer, although the contribution arising from the static lattice expansion compensates it by approximately 60%. Electronic excitations are found to be of minor importance for the ISFE change with temperature. We show that the Debye model in combination with the AIM captures the correct sign but significantly underestimates the magnitude of the vibrational contribution to γ(T). The hexagonal close-packed (hcp) and double hcp structures are established as metastable phases of Au. Our results demonstrate that quantitative agreement with experiments can be obtained if all relevant temperature-induced excitations are considered in first-principles modeling and that the temperature dependence of the ISFE is substantial enough to be taken into account in crystal plasticity modeling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Acta Materialia Inc , 2017. Vol. 135, p. 88-95
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-210271DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2017.06.009ISI: 000407536800010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020823529OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-210271DiVA, id: diva2:1118257
Funder
Carl Tryggers foundation Swedish Research Council
Note

QC 20170630

Available from: 2017-06-30 Created: 2017-06-30 Last updated: 2017-09-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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