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Contribution of indoor exposed massive wood to a good indoor climate: in-situ measurement campaign
KTH, Superseded Departments, Civil and Architectural Engineering.
KTH, Superseded Departments, Civil and Architectural Engineering.
2004 (English)In: Energy and buildings36, ISSN 0378-7788, 281-292 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An indoor climate is mainly influenced by factors including heating, ventilation and air-conditioning, building envelope and materials, occupants, furniture, and service life of the building components. These last few years, the usual porous medium provided in wall and flooring constructions have been pointed out as possible passive systems capable of buffering the indoor climate variations in terms of temperature and humidity. The objective for the ongoing project is, therefore, to evaluate the possibility of ensuring an indoor climate within an acceptable range making use of large exposed massive wood surfaces. An experimental study, being performed in four occupied apartments of a multi-storey residential building in Sweden, is described in this paper. A brief analysis of the in situ recordings is also included. The temperature and relative humidity recordings show fairly well-agreement with the ASHRAE recommended values for a good indoor climate excepted during the cold periods revealing low indoor relative humidity. The first results show evidences that a large area of exposed massive wood contributes to buffer the indoor temperature variations. Furthermore, this far it does not shows evidences that a large area of exposed massive wood is able to damp the daily fluctuations in relative humidity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. 281-292 p.
Keyword [en]
massive wood structure; in situ measurements; heat storage; moisture storage; thermal comfort; indoor climate
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6478DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2003.12.003ISI: 000220762100008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-1542531366OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6478DiVA: diva2:11201
Note
QC 20100825Available from: 2006-11-30 Created: 2006-11-30 Last updated: 2010-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The hygrothermal inertia of massive timber connstructions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The hygrothermal inertia of massive timber connstructions
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The work presented in this Doctoral dissertation concerns the ability of heavy timber structures to passively reduce the fluctuations of the indoor temperature and of the indoor relative humidity, through the dynamic process of heat and moisture storage in wood. We make the hypothesis that the potential offered by the hygrothermal inertia of heavy timber structures is significant, and that it could provide a passive way of regulating the indoor climate. This ultimately could results in a decrease of the energy demand from the Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning systems. In this Thesis, the author tries to characterise and quantify the significance of the hygrothermal inertia providing by the heavy timber constructions.

The experimental studies contain an in-situ measurement campaign carried out at the Vetenskapsstaden building located in Stockholm and erected in 2001. The results from the test campaign show that a heavy timber construction may contribute to buffer the indoor temperature. A direct quantification of the moisture stored in the wood structure is measured regarding the year-to-year indoor humidity fluctuations. It was however hardly possible to directly quantify the moisture storage potential offered by the structure regarding the day-to-day indoor relative humidity fluctuations because of the low sensitivity of the measuring technique used.

In regard to the limitations noticed during the in-situ measurements, laboratory measurements were launched to develop new methods to determine the day-to-day hygric performances of wood exposed indoor. A new method based on the Magnetic Resonance Imaging technology was developed and is intended to provide information about the Moisture Buffer Value measured according to a NORDTEST protocol, and about the moisture distribution in wood with high spatial resolution. The Moisture Buffer Value of untreated Scots pine measured with this method is in accordance with the gravimetric method provided by the NORDTEST protocol. The Moisture Buffer Value of coated Scots pine was also investigated and it is normally assumed that any coatings will decrease the Moisture Buffering Capacity of the structure. The results show however that for specific coating such as waterborne alkali silicate coating, the Moisture Buffering Capacity of the structure may on the contrary be improved.

At last, numerical simulations were carried out. They were based upon the extension of a modular simulation environment IDA ICE 3.0, with the implementation of a specific model for heat and moisture transport in a wood. The results obtained pinpoint the highly synergetic effects between the indoor moisture loads, the ventilation rate, the outdoor climate and the moisture interactions with the structure. The outcomes also show that the Moisture Buffering Capacity of a heavy timber structure is appreciable. The structure is able to even out substantially the day-to-day indoor relative humidity fluctuations for a certain range of ventilation rate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. x, 85 p.
Series
Trita-BYMA, ISSN 0349-5752 ; 2006:2
Keyword
1H MRI, Building simulation environment, Heat buffering capacity, Heavy timber construction, Indoor climate, In-situ measurement, Magnetic Resonance Imaging
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4200 (URN)91-7178-460-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-12-11, Sal F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100825Available from: 2006-11-30 Created: 2006-11-30 Last updated: 2010-08-25Bibliographically approved

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