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Directional solidification of type AA3003 alloys with addition of Zn and Si
2004 (English)In: SOLIDIFICATION OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS, 2004, 53-62 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Directional solidification has been used to study effects on the structure and on materials properties from variations in the alloy contents in type AA 3003 alloys, Structure parameters such as grain size, DAS and secondary phase precipitations have been evaluated, as well as micro segregation, micro hardness and coarsening after solidification.

Here the first part of the project is reported, and additions of Zn and Si have been studied. Zn additions improve the strength of the matrix of the material through solid solution hardening. At a level of 5% the hardness is improved by about 50%, but the solidification structure becomes less promising. The DAS and the secondary phases become coarse, and the solidification range increases significantly as the Zn content increases from 2.5 to 5%.

Additions of Si, which have a significantly lower solubility than Zn, quickly gives larger amounts of secondary phase precipitations and a longer solidification interval.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. 53-62 p.
Keyword [en]
aluminum, AA 3003 alloys, directional solidification, microstructure coarsening
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6496ISI: 000189464200005ISBN: 0-87339-569-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6496DiVA: diva2:11224
Conference
Symposium on Solidification of Aluminum Alloys held at the TMS 2004 Annual Meeting Charlotte, NC, MAR 14-18, 2004 TMS, Mat Proc & Mfg Div, Solidificat Comm
Note
QC 20100901Available from: 2006-12-05 Created: 2006-12-05 Last updated: 2010-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Effect of Processing Parameters and Alloy Composition on the Microstructure Formation and Quality of DC Cast Aluminium Alloys
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Effect of Processing Parameters and Alloy Composition on the Microstructure Formation and Quality of DC Cast Aluminium Alloys
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this research is to increase the understanding of the solidification behaviour of some industrially important wrought aluminium alloys. The investigation methods range from direct investigations of as-cast ingots to laboratory-scale techniques in which ingot casting is simulated. The methods span from directional solidification at different cooling rates to more fundamental and controlled techniques such as DTA and DSC. The microstructure characteristics of the castings have been investigated by optical and Scanning Electron microscopy. Hardness tests were used to evaluate the mechanical properties.

The effects of adding alloying elements to 3XXX and 6XXX aluminium alloys have been studied with special focus on the effects of Zn, Cu, Si and Ti. These elements influence the strength and corrosion properties, which are important for the performance of final components of these alloys.

Solidification studies of 0-5wt% Zn additions to 3003 alloys showed that the most important effect on the microstructure was noticed at 2.5 wt% Zn, where the structure was fine, and the hardness had a maximum. Si addition to a level of about 2% gave a finer structure, having a relatively large fraction of eutectic structure, however, it also gave a long solidification interval. The addition of small amounts of Cu, 0.35 and 1.0 wt%, showed a beneficial effect on the hardness.

Differences have been observed in the ingot surface microstructures of 6xxx billets with different Mg and Si ratios. Excess Si compositions showed a coarser grain structure and more precipitations with possible negative implications for surface defect formation during DC casting.

The comparison of alloys of different Ti content showed that the addition of titanium to a level of about 0.15 wt% gave a coarser grain structure than alloys with a normal Ti content for grain refinement, i.e. < 0.02 wt%, although a better corrosion resistance can be obtained at higher Ti contents. The larger grain size results in crack sensitivity during DC casting. A macroscopic etching technique was developed, based on a NaOH solution, and used in inclusion assessment along DC cast billets. Good quantitative data with respect to the size and spatial distribution of inclusions were obtained. The results from studied billets reveal a decreasing number of inclusions going from bottom to top, and the presence of a ring-shaped distribution of a large number of small defects in the beginning of the casting.

The present study shows how composition modifications, i.e. additions of certain amounts of alloying elements to the 3xxx and 6xxx Al alloys, significantly change the microstructures of the materials, its castability, and consequently its mechanical properties

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. v, 41 p.
Keyword
Aluminium wrought alloys, AA3xxx and 6xxx, Direct Chill Casting, Unidirectional Solidification, Bridgman technique, Process parameters, Microstructure, Composition modification, Thermal analysis, Inclusions, Metallographical investigations
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4205 (URN)91-7178-496-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-12-14, F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:15
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100901Available from: 2006-12-05 Created: 2006-12-05 Last updated: 2010-09-01Bibliographically approved

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