Adsorption of Alkyl Polyglucosides on the Solid/Water Interface: Equilibrium Effects of Alkyl Chain Length and Head Group Polymerization
2004 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 20, no 10, 4051-4058 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The equilibrium adsorption behavior of two n-alkyl-beta-D-glucosides (octyl (C(8)G(1)) and decyl (C(10)G(1))) and four n-alkyl-beta-D-maltosides (octyl(C(8)G(2)), decyl (C,(10)G(2)), dodecyl(C(12)G(2)) and tetradecyl (C(14)G(2))) from aqueous solution on a titania surface, as measured by ellipsometry, has been investigated. The main focus has been on the effect of changes in the alkyl chain length and headgroup polymerization, but a comparison with their adsorption on the silica/water and air/water interfaces is also presented. Some comparison with the corresponding adsorption of ethylene oxide surfactants, in particular C10E6 and C12E6, is given as well. For all alkyl polyglucosides, the maximum adsorbed amount on titania is reached slightly below the critical micelle concentration (cmc), where it levels off to a plateau and the amount adsorbed corresponds roughly to a bilayer. However, there is no evidence that this is the actual conformation of the surfactant assemblies on the surface, but the surfactants could also be arranged in a micellar network. On hydrophilic silica, the adsorbed amount is a magnitude lower than on titania, corresponding roughly to a layer of surfactants lying flat on the surface. A change in the alkyl chain length does not result in any change in the plateau molar adsorbed amount at equilibrium; however, the isotherm slope for the alkyl maltosides increases with increasing chain length. Headgroup polymerization on the other hand affects the adsorbed amount. The alkyl glucosides start adsorbing at lower bulk concentrations than the maltosides and equilibrate at higher adsorbed amounts above the cmc. When compared with the ethylene oxide (EO) surfactants, it is confirmed that the EO surfactants hardly adsorb on titania, since the measured changes in the ellipsometric angles are within the noise level. They do, however, adsorb strongly on silica.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 20, no 10, 4051-4058 p.
Adsorption; Ellipsometry; Free energy; Polymerization; Quartz; Refractive index; Surface properties; Titanium; Wetting
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6507DOI: 10.1021/la035959pISI: 000221319400036ScopusID: 2-s2.0-2542560417OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6507DiVA: diva2:11240
QC 201008262005-09-192005-09-192011-10-25Bibliographically approved