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The impact of human activities on CO2 emissions: evidence from the OECD countries and the EU members
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this thesis I intend to investigate various kinds and degrees of human impact on CO2 emissions in the OECD and EU countries. As a reference framework, I use the STIRPAT model; STochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence, and Technology (Dietz and Rosa 1997) which is reformulated from the IPAT model (Ehrlich and Holdren 1971) and the EKC (Environmental Kuznets Curve) hypothesis (Grossman and Krueger, 1991). A set of data which is used for this thesis is 195 countries in the world as a whole data set, 34 OECD countries, and 28 members of the European Union during 21 years from 1990 to 2010. For the empirical research, the whole data set, the OECD, and EU are researched by two-way fixed effects. The empirical results suggest that one percent increase of the GDP per capita, population, and the energy use per PPP GDP leads to the increases of CO2 emissions in all country groups within statistically significant level. One percent increase of the urban population in OECD affects growth of CO2 emissions in statistically significant level. The negative unit relationship is shown between energy intensity and emissions in OECD while EU shows both positive and negative relationships but not within the significant level. OECD and EU country groups are approved to meet the hypothesis of Environmental Kuznets Curve in the STIRPAT model by all estimators tested by the join F-statistics and Wald-test.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 89 p.
Keyword [en]
CO2 emission, human activities on emissions, the STIRPAT model, EKC (Environmental Kuznets Curve) hypothesis
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-211056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-211056DiVA: diva2:1124469
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Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-07-13 Last updated: 2017-09-07Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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