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Grout Spread and Injection Period of Silica Solution and Cement Mix in Rock Fractures
AABuildings, Beirut, Lebanon.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Soil and Rock Mechanics.
2017 (English)In: Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, ISSN 0723-2632, E-ISSN 1434-453X, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

A systematic presentation of the analytic relations of grout spread to the time period is established. They are divided following the nature of the flow, the property of the mix and the driving process. This includes channel flow between parallel plates and radial flow between parallel discs, nonlinear Newtonian fluids like silica solution, polyurethane and epoxy, and Bingham material like cement-based grout, and three grouting processes at a constant flow rate, constant pressure and constant energy. The analytic relations for the constant energy process are new and complete the relations of the constant flow rate and constant pressure processes. The well-known statement that refusal cannot be obtained during finite time for any injected material at a constant flow rate or constant injection pressure is extended to include the energy process. The term refusal pressure or energy cannot be supported for stop criteria. Stop criteria have to be defined considering confirmed relation of the spread to the time period and of the flow rate to the pressure and spread. It is shown that it is always possible to select a grouting process along which the work will exceed any predefined energy, the consequence of which is that jacking is related to the applied forces and not to the injected energy. Furthermore, a clarification is undertaken concerning the radial flow rate of a Bingham material since there are two different formulations. Their difference is explained and quantified. Finally, it is shown that the applied Lugeon theory is not supported by the analytic relations and needs to be substantially modified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017. p. 1-16
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-211287DOI: 10.1007/s00603-017-1237-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-211287DiVA, id: diva2:1128740
Note

QC 20170804

Available from: 2017-07-27 Created: 2017-07-27 Last updated: 2017-08-04Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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