Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Influence of co-metals on bimetallic palladium catalysts for methane combustion
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.
Show others and affiliations
2005 (English)In: Journal of Catalysis, ISSN 0021-9517, E-ISSN 1090-2694, Vol. 231, 139-150 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The catalytic combustion of methane has been investigated over eight different bimetallic palladium catalysts, comprising the co-metals Co, Rh, Ir, Ni, Pt, Cu, Ag, or An. The catalysts were characterized by TEM, EDS, PXRD, and temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO). It was found that a catalyst containing both Pd and Pt was the most promising, as it had a high activity that did not decline with time. The catalyst containing Pd and Ag was also a promising candidate, but its activity was slightly lower. For PdCo and PdNi, the co-metals formed spinel structures with the alumina support, with the result that the co-metals did not affect the combustion performance of palladium. For PdRh, PdIr, PdCu, and PdAg, the co-metals formed separate particles consisting of the corresponding metal oxide. These catalysts, except PdRh, showed a stable activity. For PdPt and PdAu, the co-metals formed alloys with palladium, and both catalysts showed a stable activity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 231, 139-150 p.
Keyword [en]
palladium, bimetal, methane, catalytic combustion, TEM, EDS, PXRD, TPO
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6559DOI: 10.1016/j.jcat.2005.01.001ISI: 000228435300014Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-15944423298OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6559DiVA: diva2:11305
Note
QC 20100915Available from: 2006-12-11 Created: 2006-12-11 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Bimetallic Palladium Catalysts for Methane Combustion in Gas Turbines
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bimetallic Palladium Catalysts for Methane Combustion in Gas Turbines
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Catalytic combustion is a promising combustion technology for gas turbines, which results in ultra low emission levels of nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO) and unburned hydrocarbons (UHC). Due to the low temperature achieved in catalytic combustion almost no thermal NOx is formed. This thesis is concentrated on the first stage in a catalytic combustion chamber, i.e. the ignition catalyst. The catalyst used for this application is often a supported palladium based catalyst due to its excellent activity for methane combustion. However, this type of catalyst has a serious drawback; the methane conversion decreases severely with time during operation. The unstable activity will result in increasing difficulties to ignite the fuel. The parameters that govern the poor stability and other features of the palladium catalysts are discussed in the thesis.

The objective of the work is to improve the catalytic performance of supported palladium catalysts, with focus on stabilising the methane conversion. A large number of different bimetallic palladium catalysts have been evaluated, where the influence of co-metals, molar ratio and support material is addressed. Results from the activity tests of methane combustion showed that it is possible to stabilise the activity by adding certain co-metals into the palladium catalyst. An extensive characterisation study has been carried out on the various bimetallic catalysts in order to gain a better understanding of how their morphology and physicochemical properties determine the various patterns of combustion behaviour.

The environment inside a gas turbine combustor is very harsh for a catalyst. Since the stability of the catalyst is of great importance for ignition catalysts, it is essential to evaluate the risk of deactivation. In this work special emphasis has been given to thermal deactivation, water inhibition and sulphur poisoning. It was found that a bimetallic Pd Pt catalyst is significantly more tolerant to the various deactivation processes investigated than the monometallic palladium catalyst.

Finally, the influence of pressure on the catalytic performance has been investigated. The catalysts were assessed at more realistic conditions for gas turbines, in a high-pressure test facility with 100 kW fuel power.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2006. 80 p.
Series
Trita-KET, ISSN 1104-3466 ; R231
Keyword
activity, bimetal, catalytic combustion, DRIFTS, EDS, gas turbine, methane, morphology, palladium, platinum, pressure, PXRD, stability, TEM, TPO, XPS
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4222 (URN)91-7178-529-9 (ISBN)978-91-7178-529-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-12-15, D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100916Available from: 2006-12-11 Created: 2006-12-11 Last updated: 2010-09-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopushttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WHJ-4FMK8KM-1&_user=4478132&_coverDate=04%2F01%2F2005&_alid=505775141&_rdoc=1&_fmt=summary&_orig=search&_cdi=6852&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000034958&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=4478132&md5=383ff57d62924985e6bb460dce8a7dc9

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Persson, KatarinaErsson, AndersJärås, Sven
By organisation
Chemical Engineering and Technology
In the same journal
Journal of Catalysis
Chemical Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 170 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf