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Segmentation of Cortical Bone using Fast Level Sets
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH).
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Medical Image Processing and Visualization.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6827-9162
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Medical Image Processing and Visualization. KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Medical Imaging.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0442-3524
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Medical Engineering, Medical Image Processing and Visualization.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7750-1917
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2017 (English)In: MEDICAL IMAGING 2017: IMAGE PROCESSING / [ed] Styner, MA Angelini, ED, SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2017, UNSP 1013327Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cortical bone plays a big role in the mechanical competence of bone. The analysis of cortical bone requires accurate segmentation methods. Level set methods are usually in the state-of-the-art for segmenting medical images. However, traditional implementations of this method are computationally expensive. This drawback was recently tackled through the so-called coherent propagation extension of the classical algorithm which has decreased computation times dramatically. In this study, we assess the potential of this technique for segmenting cortical bone in interactive time in 3D images acquired through High Resolution peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (HR-pQCT). The obtained segmentations are used to estimate cortical thickness and cortical porosity of the investigated images. Cortical thickness and Cortical porosity is computed using sphere fitting and mathematical morphological operations respectively. Qualitative comparison between the segmentations of our proposed algorithm and a previously published approach on six images volumes reveals superior smoothness properties of the level set approach. While the proposed method yields similar results to previous approaches in regions where the boundary between trabecular and cortical bone is well defined, it yields more stable segmentations in challenging regions. This results in more stable estimation of parameters of cortical bone. The proposed technique takes few seconds to compute, which makes it suitable for clinical settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2017. UNSP 1013327
Series
Proceedings of SPIE, ISSN 0277-786X ; 10133
National Category
Medical Image Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-211764DOI: 10.1117/12.2254240ISI: 000405564600075Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020302337ISBN: 978-1-5106-0711-8 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-211764DiVA: diva2:1130796
Conference
Conference on Medical Imaging - Image Processing, FEB 12-14, 2017, Orlando, FL
Note

QC 20170811

Available from: 2017-08-11 Created: 2017-08-11 Last updated: 2017-08-11Bibliographically approved

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Jörgens, DanielWang, ChunliangSmedby, ÖrjanMoreno, Rodrigo

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