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Niche entrepreneurs in urban systems integration: On the role of individuals in niche formation
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Industrial Ecology. Stockholm Municipal, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 49, no 8, p. 1922-1942Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In many sustainable urban innovation projects, the efforts, endurance and enthusiasm of individuals at key positions are considered a crucial factor for success. This article studies the role of individual agency in sociotechnical niches by using Kingdon's agenda-setting model. Although strategic niche management is commonly used to study processes of urban innovation, the process of niche formation and the role of individual agency has been understudied. We will introduce the notion of the 'niche entrepreneur' as an actor who, analogous to Kingdon's policy entrepreneur, connects the elements that are needed to develop a successful niche that allows learning for sustainability transitions. We will study the process of niche formation and the role of individual entrepreneurship therein, and identify the strategies that have been used by individuals to create a successful niche. This will be done for three cases in urban systems integration: the development of Eva Lanxmeer, a residential district in a drinking water retention area in Culemborg, the Netherlands; the transformation of the waste management practices of Lille Metropole Urban Community, France; and the development of the urban district Hammarby Sjostad, Sweden. Our findings show that for the successful formation of niches, it is necessary to create ambitious, but clear goals and matching concrete operational plans; niche entrepreneurs may play the role of project champions that contribute significantly to the operationalization, monitoring and the effectuation of the original goals of the project; the strategies of niche entrepreneurs emphasize the building of coalitions and the securing of space for learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017. Vol. 49, no 8, p. 1922-1942
Keywords [en]
Strategic niche management, sustainable urban development, policy entrepreneurs
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-211593DOI: 10.1177/0308518X17705383ISI: 000405876100014Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85025105009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-211593DiVA, id: diva2:1133315
Note

QC 20170815

Available from: 2017-08-15 Created: 2017-08-15 Last updated: 2017-08-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf