The relative impact of radiolysis products in radiation induced oxidative dissolution of UO2
2006 (English)In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 355, no 1-3, 38-46 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The relative impact of radiolysis products in radiation induced oxidative dissolution Of UO2 has been studied experimentally. The experiments were performed by y-irradiating an aqueous solution containing HCO3 and a UO2-pellet. The U(VI) concentration in the solution was measured as a function of irradiation time. The aqueous solution was saturated with Ar, N2O, N2O/O-2 (80/20), air and O-2 in order to vary the conditions and the initial oxidant yields. The measured rate of oxidation was significantly higher for the O-2- and air saturated systems compared to the other systems. Using oxidant concentrations derived from numerical simulations of the corresponding homogeneous systems and previously determined rate constants for oxidation Of UO2, the relative trend in rate of oxidation in the different systems was reproduced. The results from the simulations were also used to estimate the relative impact of the oxidative radiolysis products as a function of irradiation time, both for gamma- and alpha-irradiated systems. For 7-irradiated systems saturated with Ar, air or 02, the most important oxidant is H2O2 while for N2O- and N2O/O-2-saturated systems the most important oxidant is CO3.-. For a-irradiated systems the most important oxidant was found to be H2O2.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 355, no 1-3, 38-46 p.
fuel corrosion, one-electron, carbonate, irradiation, oxidants, uranium, media, water
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9088DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2006.04.001ISI: 000239868800006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33746368836OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9088DiVA: diva2:113651
QC 201009072008-10-232008-10-232011-01-21Bibliographically approved