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Challenges when implementing BIM for industry change
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.
2017 (English)In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433XArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Public clients have been identified as drivers of AEC industry change through their implementation of BIM. Yet, little is known of this implementation process and the associated challenges. This study aims to increase the understanding of what intra and inter organizational challenges that arise when a large Swedish public infrastructure client implements BIM to change the work practices of the actors in the Swedish AEC industry. The IT Business Value Model allows for understanding the public client’s implementation of BIM as an IT-supported change process and for understanding the associated intra and inter organizational challenges. The findings show nine categories of intra and inter organizational challenges related to, for example, demanding BIM in procurement and creating incentives for BIM implementation.  The findings show that intra organizational challenges related to a top-down implementation of BIM, while inter organizational challenges related to a bottom-up implementation. The impact of these challenges on the public client´s ability to drive AEC industry change by implementing BIM is discussed. The findings contribute with the client perspective to studies on BIM implementation and with an increased understanding of the challenges associated with implementing IT-supported change processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017.
Keyword [en]
Building information modelling, organizational change, challenges, public client
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-213675DOI: 10.1080/01446193.2017.1314519ISI: 000413957500001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85018837733OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-213675DiVA, id: diva2:1138188
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Note

QC 20170906

Available from: 2017-09-04 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2017-11-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Business Value of BIM: Elaborating on Content and Perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Business Value of BIM: Elaborating on Content and Perspective
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The expectations on digitalization and Building Information Modeling (BIM) in the Architectural, Engineering and Construction (AEC) are high. The high expectations are reflected in an increasing interest for the term business value of BIM. However, the practical and theoretical understanding of its content and perspective is characterized by rationalism and positivism commercially promoted by industry. This thesis aims to reflect on, problematize and extend the theoretical understanding of the content and perspective of the business value of BIM. Perceptions about business value of BIM, the associated challenges and costs and the role of the business of BIM in a wider socio-technical context are examined among Swedish and international AEC industry actors and a large Swedish public infrastructure client. To extend the understanding of the content and perspective of the business value of BIM, the rational and process-oriented theories on the business value of IT are combined with the more interpretive and hermeneutic socio-technical systems theory. A social and cognitive dimension is thus added to the understanding of the business value of BIM and business value of IT.  By combining the two research fields and contributing with the socio-technical perspective to the theoretical understanding of business value, this thesis contributes with theory development of the understanding of business value BIM and business value of IT.  For practitioners, the thesis shows the complex, multi-dimensional and challenging aspects of implementing BIM for business value. The journey of perspectives in this thesis from positivism towards increased interpretivism also sheds light on the implications of when different perspectives exert influence on a research field (hegemony) and wishes to provide a contrast and balance to the rational and positivistic perspectives in BIM research. It also wishes to inspire future BIM research to broaden the theoretical perspectives.

Abstract [sv]

Förväntningarna på digitalisering och Byggnadsinformationsmodellering (BIM) i samhällsbyggnadssektorn är höga och reflekteras i ett ökande intresse för affärsnyttan av BIM. Den praktiska och teoretiska förståelsen av innehåll och perspektivet i affärsnyttan av BIM har karaktäriserats av rationalism och positivism som upprätthållits i kommersiella syften. Denna avhandling syftar till att reflektera över, problematisera och utöka förståelsen av innehållet och perspektivet av affärsnyttan av BIM. Den upplevda affärsnyttan av BIM, de associerade utmaningarna och kostnaderna och rollen av affärsnyttan av BIM i ett bredare sociotekniskt perspektiv undersöks bland aktörer i den svenska och internationella samhällsbyggnadssektorn samt hos en stor svenskt offentlig beställare av infrastruktur. För att problematisera över och utöka förståelsen av affärsnyttan av BIM kombinerar denna avhandlingen de rationella och process orienterade teorierna inom business value of IT med den mer hermeneutiska socio-technical systems teorin. Genom att kombinera dessa två fält bidrar avhandlingen med ett socialt och kognitivt perspektiv till den teoretiska förståelsen av affärsnytta. Det teoretiska bidraget består således av teoriutveckling. För praktiker belyser avhandlingen de komplexa, multi-dimensionella och utmananande aspekterna med att implementera BIM för affärsnytta. Resan i perspektiv från positivism och rationalism mot ökad interpretivism i avhandlingen belyser också implikationerna av hur olika perspektiv får inflytande över ett forskningsfält (hegemoni) och önskar bidra med en kontrast och balans till det rationella och positivistiska perspektivet i BIM forskning. Det är också förhoppningen att avhandlingens resa i perspektiv kan inspirera framtida forskning på BIM att vidga de teoretiska vyerna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. p. 62
Series
TRITA-FOB ; 2017:6
Keyword
Business value, Building Information Modelling, socio-technical
National Category
Construction Management Business Administration
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-214617 (URN)978-91-85783-81-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-17, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Note

QC 20170920

Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2017-09-21Bibliographically approved

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