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Boosting affordable housing supply: could type approval of serially produced housing be a piece in the puzzle?
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The housing shortage has become a major political concern in Sweden and Germany. To ease tension on housing markets, both the Swedish and German central governments aim to extend housing supply and have highlighted type approval of multi-family housing as an important concept in the provision of affordable housing.

 

The article outlines the role of serial housing construction in a historical as well as a contemporary setting, and describes the roles of agents and institutional prerequisites related to housing policy, urban planning and building permission in the two countries. The comparative data is analysed using theories on institutional change, with the aim of tentatively explaining why and how institutional change evolves.

 

Results show that shifts in relative prices, technology and preferences are driving reform. Although the major agents (central governments, states, municipalities and developers) have different motives for supporting or working against reform, a majority of agents are acting in favour of reform. It is concluded that it is probable that type approval of multi-family housing will be introduced in both countries. However, the time for negotiations on the scope of reform between agents involved is expected to be shorter in Sweden than in Germany, due to Sweden’s fewer layers of government and a stronger set of decisive agents. Once an agreement has been reached, reform is expected to be quicker in Germany than in Sweden as legal text and an assessment institution already exist.

Keywords [en]
type approval, serial housing construction, housing policy, building permit
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-213702OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-213702DiVA, id: diva2:1138381
Funder
SBUF - Sveriges Byggindustriers Utvecklingsfond, 13228
Note

QC 20170905

Available from: 2017-09-05 Created: 2017-09-05 Last updated: 2017-09-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Institutional prerequisites for affordable housing development: A comparative study of Germany and Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional prerequisites for affordable housing development: A comparative study of Germany and Sweden
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis was written against the background of intense public debate on increasing housing shortages and housing policy reform in Germany and Sweden. Potential reforms to increase housing development volumes, especially in the affordable segment, are analysed using theories of institutional change with focus on urban planning, building law and housing policy. The instruments analysed are divided into measures intended to increase housing supply elasticity and targeted affordable housing measures.

 

Three measures intended to increase housing supply elasticity that could be transferable to Sweden are identified: 1) Development planning could be reformed through facilitated procedures, the introduction of private initiative in planning and new incentives of planning authorities. 2) The planning and building legislation could be reformed to facilitate building approvals in relation to serial housing construction, which in turn could increase the number of affordable homes being built. 3) City housing policy could promote housing development through more intense use of the policy instruments of organisation, urban planning, municipal land and subsidies, with city organisation and political attention to housing markets being identified as crucial.

 

However, effectively targeted affordable housing policies are difficult to implement under the current Swedish housing policy regime. In the short term, Swedish housing policy should therefore concentrate on housing supply elasticity-enhancing measures. However, considering the increasing pressure on the affordable housing supply and future expected demographic changes, public discussion of potential future solutions would be valuable. A first step would be to compile housing statistics such that the affordable housing shortage and the opportunities to design effective measures to counter it could be better understood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. p. 70
Series
TRITA-FOB-DT-2017:6
Keywords
affordable housing, housing policy, urban planning, building law, institutional change
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-213672 (URN)978-91-85783-80-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-10-26, E3, Osquars Backe 14, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
SBUF - Sveriges Byggindustriers Utvecklingsfond, 13228
Note

QC 20170905

Available from: 2017-09-05 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2017-09-05Bibliographically approved

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