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Structural health monitoring using modern sensor technology: long-term monitoring of the New Årsta Railway Bridge
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Structural Design and Bridges (name changed 20110630).
2006 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is a helpful tool for engineers in order to control and verify the structural behaviour. SHM also guides the engineers and owners of structures in decision making concerning the maintenance, economy and safety of structures. Sweden has not a very sever tradition in monitoring, as countries with strong seismic and/or aerodynamic activities. Anyway, several large scale monitoring projects have taken place in recent years and SHM is slowly making entrance as an essential implement in managing structures by engineers as well as owners.

This licentiate thesis presents a state-of-the art-review of health monitoring activities and over sensory technologies for monitoring infrastructure constructions like bridges, dams, off-shore platforms, historical monuments etc. related to civil engineering. The fibre optic equipment is presented with special consideration.

The permanent monitoring system of the New Årsta Bridge consists of 40 fibre optic sensors, 20 strain transducers, 9 thermocouples, 6 accelerometers and one LVDT. The aims of the static study are: to control the maximal strains and stresses; to detect cracking in the structure; to report strain changes under construction, testing period and in the coming 10 years; and to compare conventional system with fibre optic system.

The system installation started in January 2003 and was completed October 2003. The measurements took place from the very beginning and are suppose to continue for at least 10 years of operation. At the construction phase the measurements were performed manually and later on automatically through broad band connection between the office and central data acquisition systems located inside the bridge.

The monitoring project of the New Årsta Railway Bridge is described from the construction phase to the testing phase of the finished bridge. Results of the recorded statistical data, crack detection and loading test are presented and a comparison between traditional techniques like strain transducers and fibre optic sensors is done.

Various subjects around monitoring and sensor technologies that were found under the project are brought up in order to give the reader a good understanding, as well of the topics, techniques and of the bridge. Example of few applications is given with the aim of a deeper insight into monitoring related issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , viii, 147 p.
Trita-BKN. Bulletin, ISSN 1103-4270 ; 86
Keyword [en]
Structural Health Monitoring, bridges, sensory technology, fibre optics, concrete.
National Category
Building Technologies
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4236OAI: diva2:11396
2006-10-20, Sal E3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 3, Stockholm, 10:00
QC 20101112Available from: 2006-12-15 Created: 2006-12-15 Last updated: 2012-02-21Bibliographically approved

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