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Molecular modeling of interfaces between cellulose crystals and surrounding molecules: Effects of caprolactone surface grafting
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. (Biokompositer)
CNRS, Ctr Rech Macromol Vegetales.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. (Biokompositer)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5818-2378
2008 (English)In: European Polymer Journal, ISSN 0014-3057, E-ISSN 1873-1945, Vol. 44, no 11, p. 3662-3669Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A technical problem in cellulosic nanocomposite materials is the weak interaction between hydrophilic cellulose and hydrophobic polymer matrices. One approach to solve this difficulty is to chemically graft monomers of the matrix polymer onto the cellulose surface. An important question is to understand the effect such surface modification has on the interfacial properties. Semi-empirical approaches to estimate work of adhesion based on surface energies do not provide information on specific molecular interactions. Details about these interactions were obtained using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. Cellulose interfaces with water and caprolactone medium were modeled with different amounts of grafted caprolactone. The modification lead to an increased work of adhesion between the surface and its surrounding medium. Furthermore, the MD simulations showed that the interaction between cellulose, both modified and non-modified, and surrounding medium is dominated by Coulomb interactions, predominantly as hydrogen bonds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2008. Vol. 44, no 11, p. 3662-3669
Keywords [en]
cellulose, molecular dynamics simulation, surface modification
National Category
Polymer Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9476DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2008.08.029ISI: 000261722600033Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-55149089482OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9476DiVA, id: diva2:114135
Note
QC 20100618Available from: 2008-11-17 Created: 2008-11-06 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Crystalline cellulose in bulk and at interfaces as studied by atomistic computer simulations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crystalline cellulose in bulk and at interfaces as studied by atomistic computer simulations
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Cellulose is a linear polysaccharide, serving as reinforcement in plant cell walls.Understanding its structure and properties is of importance in the developmentof nanostructured cellulose materials. The aim of this thesis is to address thisquestion by applying the computer simulation technique Molecular Dynamics(MD) onto an atomistic model of a native crystal form of cellulose.A molecular model of crystalline cellulose Iβ was developed and simulatedwith the GROMACS simulation software package.Temperature dependence of the crystal bulk model was investigated. A gradualtransition was observed between 350 K and 500 K in concordance with experimentalresults. The high temperature structure differed from the originalstructure in terms of crystal cell parameters, hydrogen bonding network andelastic modulus.Spin-lattice relaxation times, T1, from solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonancespectroscopy were compared with values calculated from the dynamics ofthe C4-H4 vector in MD simulations. Calculated T1 compared well with experimentallyobtained, suggesting well reproduced dynamics. Moreover, a differencein T1 of about a factor 2 was found for C4 atoms at surfaces parallel to differentcrystallographic planes. This supports a proposed explanation regarding anobserved doublet for C4 atoms in the NMR spectrum.Interaction energies between crystalline cellulose and water and 6− hydroxyhexanal(CL) were determined from simulations. Water was found to interactstronger with cellulose than CL. Moreover, the effect of grafting CL onto surfacecellulose chains was examined. For both water and CL interfaces, grafting ledto increased interaction. Electrostatic interactions were dominating in all cases,however grafting increased the importance of van der Waals interactions.The experimental approach to investigate polymer desorption by pulling itfrom a surface by the use of Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) was enlightenedwith a modelling study. A single cellulose octamer was pulled from a cellulosecrystal into water and cyclohexane. Resulting pull-off energies proved a clearsolvent effect, 300 − 400 [kJ/mole] in cyclohexane and 100 − 200 [kJ/mole] inwater.In general, MD was shown to be useful when applied in combination withfeasible experimental techniques such as NMR and AFM to increase the fundamentalunderstanding of cellulose structure and properties.

Abstract [sv]

Cellulosa förstärker cellväggen i växter i form av nanostrukturerade och mycketstarka fibriller. För utvecklingen av nya cellulosamaterial från dessa fibriller ären förståelse för cellulosans struktur och egenskaper viktig. Syftet med dennaavhandling är att med hjälp av en atomistisk modell och molekyldynamiskadatorsimuleringar (MD) öka kunskapen om cellulosa på atomär nivå.En atomistisk modell av kristallin cellulosa Iβ utvecklades och simuleradesmed simuleringsprogrampaketet GROMACS.Temperaturberoendet hos kristallin cellulosa i bulk undersöktes. Mellan350 K och 500 K skedde en gradvis kristallin strukturomvandling. Vid högre temperaturhade cellulosan annorlunda kristall-enhetscellsparametrar, vätebindingsmönsteroch elastisk modul jämfört med orginalstrukturen.Systemet cellulosa-vatten har stor praktisk betydelse. Spinn-gitter-relaxationstiderT1 beräknades därför från dynamiken hos C4-H4-vektorn i MD-simuleringaroch jämfördes med värden uppmätta med fastfas-NMR. De beräknadevärdena stämde väl överens med de experimentella och dynamiken vid ytan kanantas vara välreproducerad i modellen. Dessutom kunde en skillnad i T1 meden faktor 2 för C4-atomer på ytkedjor vid olika kristallografiska plan påvisas.Simuleringsresultaten stödjer därmed en tidigare föreslagen förklaring till endubblett för C4-atomer i cellulosans NMR-spektrum.Växelverkansenergier mellan cellulosa och polymeren PCL är intressant förnanokompositmaterial. Därför bestämdes växelverkansenergier mellan kristallincellulosa och vatten och cellulosa och 6-hydroxyhexanal (CL). Växelverkan mellancellulosa med vatten visade sig vara större än mellan cellulosa och CL.Ympning av CL-molekyler på cellulosaytan ledde till ökad växelverkan för såvälgränsytor mot vatten som mot CL. Elektrostatisk växelverkan dominerade vidsamtliga gränsytor, även om CL-ympning orsakade ökad andel av van der Waalskrafter.Polymerdesorption kan undersökas med hjälp av atomkraftmikroskopi (AFM).Ett simulerat experiment med MD utfördes därför genom att en cellulosaoktamerdrogs från en cellulosayta in i vatten eller cyklohexan. Det krävdes avsevärtmindre energi att dra loss oktameren i cyklohexan (300−400 kJ/mol) jämförtmed vatten (100 − 200 kJ/mol). Resultaten analyserades i termer av specifikväxelverkan mellan cellulosaoktameren och identifierbara kemiska grupper påcellulosaytan.MD har stor potential att öka förståelsen för cellulosa på molekylär nivå.MD-simuleringar kan inspirera experimentella mätningar genom upptäckter avnya fenomen. MD kan dessutom tillföra nya aspekter vid analys av experimentellaresultat. Det har i avhandlingen demonstrerats för metoder som NMR,AFM, mekanisk provning och mätning av termisk utvidgning

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2008. p. vi, 67
Series
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2008:69
Keywords
Cellulose, molecular dynamics simulation, interfaces
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9570 (URN)978-91-7415-166-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-12-10, F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100621Available from: 2008-11-17 Created: 2008-11-17 Last updated: 2012-02-23Bibliographically approved

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