Air gap method: measurements of airflow inside air gaps of walls
2008 (English)In: Structural Survey, ISSN 0263-080X, Vol. 26, no 4, 343-363 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose - Water damage is a severe problem in modern construction, causing economic loss and health implications. By using the patented Air Gap Method inside building constructions, harmful water in the construction can be dried out. The method drains and ventilates air gaps inside walls and floors with an airflow driven by thermal buoyancy caused by a heating cable in vertical air gaps. This paper aims to investigate this method and measurements of airflow inside air gaps of walls. Design/methodology/approach - This study investigates the measured correlation between the power of the heating cable, the difference of temperature inside and outside the air gap, and the airflow. Data are collected by experimentation with a full-scale constructed wall. Findings - The study finds that airflow increases with raised temperature difference between the air gap and room and with raised power of the heating cable. The measured airflow reaches values up to 140 m3/metre wall and day for one cable. A small increase in temperature, between 0.2 and 0.3 oC inside the vertical air gap results in an air flow of approximately 60 m3/metre wall and day. The air change rate per hour for the air inside the wall construction varies between 15 times for a 6 W/m cable and 37 times for a 16 W/m cable. Practical implications - The method provides the means to build houses in a more robust way, minimising the negative effects of water damage. This investigation provides an understanding of how temperature and ventilation are related in this method of construction. Originality/value - The issue of ventilated construction is rarely investigated in scientific research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 26, no 4, 343-363 p.
Air diffusion; Buildings; Humidity; Temperature measurement; Water
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9488DOI: 10.1108/02630800810906584ScopusID: 2-s2.0-51849151932OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9488DiVA: diva2:114181
QC 201006222008-11-072008-11-072012-09-28Bibliographically approved