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Influence of well width fluctuations on recombination properties in semipolar InGaN quantum wells studied by time- and spatially-resolved near-field photoluminescence
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
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2017 (English)In: Optical Materials Express, ISSN 2159-3930, E-ISSN 2159-3930, Vol. 7, no 9, 3116Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Scanning near-field photoluminescence spectroscopy has been applied to distinguish the relevance of quantum well (QW) alloy composition and well width fluctuations on emission linewidth and recombination times in semipolar (2021) plane InGaN QWs. It has been found that well width fluctuations, compared to variations of InGaN alloy composition, play a negligible role in defining the photoluminescence linewidth. However, the well width strongly affects the recombination times. Prolonged radiative and nonradiative carrier lifetimes in wide QWs have been attributed to electron and hole separation by in-plane electric fields caused by nonplanarity of QW interfaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Optical Society of America, 2017. Vol. 7, no 9, 3116
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-214578DOI: 10.1364/OME.7.003116Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85027119930OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-214578DiVA: diva2:1141877
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2013-4096
Note

QC 20170918

Available from: 2017-09-17 Created: 2017-09-17 Last updated: 2017-09-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Impact of carrier localization on recombination in InGaN quantum wells with nonbasal crystallographic orientations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Impact of carrier localization on recombination in InGaN quantum wells with nonbasal crystallographic orientations
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The modern InGaN technology demonstrates high efficiencies only in the blue spectral region and low current operation modes. The growth of InGaN quantum wells (QWs) on nonbasal crystallographic planes (NBP) has potential to deliver high-power blue and green light emitting diodes and lasers. The emission properties of these QWs are largely determined by the localization of carriers in the minima of spatially inhomogeneous band potential, which affects the recombination dynamics, spectral characteristics of the emission, its optical polarization and carrier transport. Understanding it is crucial for increasing the efficiency of NBP structures to their theoretical limit.

In this thesis, the influence of carrier localization on the critical aspects of light emission has been investigated in semipolar  and nonpolar  InGaN QWs. For this purpose, novel multimode scanning near-field optical microscopy configurations have been developed, allowing mapping of the spectrally-, time-, and polarization-resolved emission.

In the nonpolar QW structures the sub-micrometer band gap fluctuations could be assigned to the selective incorporation of indium on different slopes of the undulations, while in the smoother semipolar QWs – to the nonuniformity of QW growth. The nanoscale band potential fluctuations and the carrier localization were found to increase with increasing indium percentage in the InGaN alloy. In spite to the large depth of the potential minima, the localized valence band states were found to retain properties of the corresponding bands. The reduced carrier transfer between localization sites has been suggested as a reason for the long recombination times in the green-emitting semipolar QWs. Sharp increase of the radiative lifetimes has been assigned to the effect of nanoscale electric fields resulting from nonplanar QW interfaces. Lastly, the ambipolar carrier diffusion has been measured, revealing ~100 nm diffusion length and high anisotropy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 67 p.
Series
TRITA-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2017:53
Keyword
InGaN, quantum well, semipolar, nonpolar, near-field microscopy, carrier localization, carrier transport, optical polarization
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-214599 (URN)978-91-7729-505-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-09-29, Hall C, Elektrum 229, Kista, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 36652-1Swedish Research Council, 621-2013- 4096
Note

QC 20170919

Available from: 2017-09-19 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2017-09-19Bibliographically approved

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