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CFD modeling of two-phase flow of a spillway chute aerator of large width
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Hydraulic Engineering.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Applied Water Engineering and Research, ISSN 2324-9676, E-ISSN 2324-9676, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 163-177Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An aerator is frequently used to prevent cavitation damages in high-velocity spillways. To understand its characteristics, one often resorts to physical model tests. To complement physical model tests, computation fluid dynamics simulations are used to determine water-air flow behaviors. With Bergeforsen's 35 m wide aerator, numerical modeling has been performed to evaluate its performance and improve its configuration. The parameters of interest include spillway discharge capacity, air entrainment rate, duct subpressure and air concentration in the aerated flow. The simulated discharge capacity agrees reasonably with experimental data. Due to the larger chute width, empirical formulas do not reasonably predict the air demand. To provide the air required by the aerator, its distribution in the cavity must be guaranteed. We thus looked into the air supply system and the air flux in the cavity to improve the aerator function. Larger vent openings in the middle of the chute are preferable for large-width aerators.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2016. Vol. 4, no 2, p. 163-177
Keywords [en]
spillway, chute aerator, air demand, air-water flow, CFD, subpressure
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-214922DOI: 10.1080/23249676.2015.1124030ISI: 000409034800008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045835884OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-214922DiVA, id: diva2:1144152
Note

QC 2017-09-25

Available from: 2017-09-25 Created: 2017-09-25 Last updated: 2018-10-16Bibliographically approved

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Teng, Penghua

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Output format
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