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Topological evolution of a metropolitan rail transport network: The case of Stockholm
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science. Department of Transport and Planning, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4506-0459
2017 (English)In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 62, p. 172-183Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The structure of transport networks is the outcome of a large number of infrastructure investment decisions taken over a long time span. Network indicators are widely used for characterizing transport network topology and its performance as well as provide insights on, possible developments. Little is known however on how rail bound public transport networks and their network indicators have evolved into their current form. This study conducts a longitudinal analysis of the topological evolution of a multimodal rail network by investigating the dynamics of its topology for the case of Stockholm in 1950-2025. The starting year marks the opening of the metro system while the end year is set to mark the completion of the current development plan. Based on a compilation of network topology and service properties, a year-on-year analysis of changes in global network efficiency and directness as well as local nodal centrality were conducted. Changes in network topology exhibit smooth long-term technological and spatial trends as well as the signature of top-down planning interventions. Stockholm rail network evolution is characterized by contraction and stagnation periods followed by network extensions and is currently undergoing a considerable densification, marking a shift from peripheral attachment to preferential attachment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2017. Vol. 62, p. 172-183
Keywords [en]
Public transport, Network evolution, Topology, Rail, Infrastructure, Investments
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-215845DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.06.002ISI: 000412037500016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020815954OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-215845DiVA, id: diva2:1149788
Note

QC 20171017

Available from: 2017-10-17 Created: 2017-10-17 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf