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Deposition efficiency in the preparation of ozone-producing nickel and antimony doped tin oxide anodes
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5816-2924
2017 (English)In: Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering, ISSN 1847-9286, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 51-64Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The influence of precursor salts in the synthesis of nickel and antimony doped tin oxide (NATO) electrodes using thermal decomposition from dissolved chloride salts was investigated. The salts investigated were SnCl4 center dot 5H(2)O, SnCl2 center dot 2H(2)O, SbCl3 and NiCl2 center dot 6H(2)O. It was shown that the use of SnCl4 center dot 5H(2)0 in the preparation process leads to a tin loss of more than 85 %. The loss of Sb can be as high as 90 % while no indications of Ni loss was observed. As a consequence, the concentration of Ni in the NATO coating will be much higher than in the precursor solution. This high and uncontrolled loss of precursors during the preparation process will lead to an unpredictable composition in the NATO coating and will have negative economic and environmental effects. It was found that using SnCl2 center dot 2H(2)0 instead of SnCl4 center dot 5H(2)O can reduce the tin loss to less than 50 %. This tin loss occurs at higher temperatures than when using SnCl4 center dot 5H(2)O where the tin loss occurs from 56 - 147 degrees C causing the composition to change both during the drying (80 - 110 degrees C) and calcination (460 - 550 degrees C) steps of the preparation process. Electrodes coated with NATO based on the two different tin salts were investigated for morphology, composition, structure, and ozone electrocatalytic properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
INT ASSOC PHYSICAL CHEMISTS-IAPC , 2017. Vol. 7, no 1, p. 51-64
Keywords [en]
NATO, ATO, tin chloride precursor, thermal decomposition, TGA, deposition, efficiency, dopant enrichment, ozone electrocatalysis
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-214910DOI: 10.5599/jese.374ISI: 000409210400005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-214910DiVA, id: diva2:1151005
Note

QC 20171020

Available from: 2017-10-20 Created: 2017-10-20 Last updated: 2018-02-26Bibliographically approved

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Sandin, StaffanCornell, Ann M.

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