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Statistics and structure of spanwise rotating turbulent channel flow at moderate Reynolds numbers
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 828, 424-458 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A study of fully developed plane turbulent channel flow subject to spanwise system rotation through direct numerical simulations is presented. In order to study both the influence of the Reynolds number and spanwise rotation on channel flow, the Reynolds number Re U(b)h/nu is varied from a low 3000 to a moderate 31600 and the rotation number Ro = 2 Omega h/U-b is varied from 0 to 2.7, where U-b is the mean bulk velocity, h the channel half-gap, nu the viscosity and Omega the system rotation rate. The mean streamwise velocity profile displays also at higher Re a characteristic linear part with slope near to 2 Omega, and a corresponding linear part in the profiles of the production and dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy appears. With increasing Ro, a distinct unstable side with large spanwise and wall-normal Reynolds stresses and a stable side with much weaker turbulence develops in the channel. The flow starts to relaminarize the stable side of the channel and persisting turbulent-laminar patterns appear at higher Re. If Ro is further increased, the flow on the stable side becomes laminar-like while at yet higher Ro the whole flow relaminarizes, although the calm periods might be disrupted by repeating bursts of turbulence, as explained by Brethouwer (Phys. Rev. Fluids, vol. 1, 2016, 054404). The influence of the Reynolds number is considerable, in particular on the stable side of the channel where velocity fluctuations are stronger and the flow relaminarizes less quickly at higher Re. Visualizations and statistics show that, at Ro = 0.15 and 0.45, large-scale structures and large counter-rotating streamwise roll cells develop on the unstable side. These become less noticeable and eventually vanish when Ro rises, especially at higher Re. At high Ro, the largest energetic structures are larger at lower Re.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS , 2017. Vol. 828, 424-458 p.
Keyword [en]
rotating turbulence, turbulence simulation, turbulent flows
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-214867DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2017.526ISI: 000409383700018Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85029518107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-214867DiVA: diva2:1152331
Note

QC 20171024

Available from: 2017-10-24 Created: 2017-10-24 Last updated: 2017-10-24Bibliographically approved

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