Impacts of Traffic Signal Control Strategies
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
Traffic signals are very cost effective tools for urban traffic management in urban areas. The number of intersections in Sweden controlled by traffic signals has increased since the seventies, but efforts to study the traffic performance of the employed strategies are still lacking. The LHOVRA technique is the predominant isolated traffic signal control strategy in Sweden. Past-end green was originally incorporated as part of LHOVRA (the “O” function) and was intended to reduce the number of vehicles in the dilemma zone. Coordinated signal control in Sweden is often fixed-time with local vehicle actuated signal timing adjustments and bus priority. This research study was undertaken to increase the knowledge of the traffic performance impacts of these strategies.
The aim was to evaluate the following control strategies using Stockholm as a case study:
1. The LHOVRA technique with a focus on the “O” function;
2. Fixed time coordination (FTC);
3. Fixed time coordination with local signal timing adjustment (FTC-LTA);
4. FTC-LTA as above + active bus priority (PRIBUSS);
5. Self-optimizing control (SPOT).
Field measurements were used for study of driver behavior and traffic impacts as well as for collecting input data needs for simulation. The results from low speed approaches showed a higher proportion of stopped vehicles after receiving green extension. Moving the detectors closer to the stop line, and/or making the detectors speed dependent were suggested as measures to solve these problems. The VISSIM simulation model calibrated and validated with empirical data was used to study traffic performance and safety impacts of the LHOVRA technique as well as to test the suggested improvements. The simulation experiment results from these design changes were shown to reduce accident risk with little or no loss of traffic performance.
TRANSYT was used to produce optimized fixed signal timings for coordinated intersections. HUTSIM simulations showed that local signal timing adjustment by means of past-end green was beneficial when applied to coordinated traffic signal control in the study area. Both delays and stops were reduced, although not for the main, critical intersection which operated close to capacity.
To study the impacts of strategies for coordinated signal control with bus priority, extensive field data collection was undertaken during separate time periods with these strategies in the same area using mobile and stationary techniques. A method to calculate the approach delay was developed based on the observed number of queuing vehicles at the start and end of green. Compared to FTC-LTA, the study showed that PRIBUSS reduced bus travel time. SPOT reduced both bus and vehicle travel time.
Future research efforts for the development of signal control strategies and their implementation in Sweden should be focused on strategies with self-optimization functionality.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2006. , 196 p.
Trita-TEC-PHD, ISSN 1653-4468 ; 06:005
Driver behavior, Dilemma zone, Incident reduction, Signal control, Lhovra, Spot, Pribuss, Bus priority, Field measurement, Simulation, Calibration, Traffic performance
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4268ISBN: 978-91-85539-12-3ISBN: 91-85539-12-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4268DiVA: diva2:11539
2007-01-29, Hall F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Rouphail, Nagui M., Professor
QC 201004082007-01-152007-01-152010-06-29Bibliographically approved