Methodology for high-throughput production of soluble recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli
2007 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
The aim of this work was to investigate and determine central parameters that can be used to control and increase the solubility, quality and productivity of recombinant proteins. These central parameters should be applicable under the constraints of high-throughput protein production in Escherichia coli.
The present investigation shows that alternative methods exist to improve solubility, quality and productivity of the recombinant protein. The hypothesis is that by reducing the synthesis rate of the recombinant protein, a higher quality protein should be produced. The feed rate of glucose can be used to decrease the synthesis rate of the recombinant protein.
The influence of feed rate on solubility and proteolysis was investigated using the lacUV5-promoter and two model proteins, Zb-MalE and Zb-MalE31. Zb-MalE31 is a mutated form of Zb-MalE that contains two different amino acids. These altered amino acids greatly affect the solubility of the protein. The soluble fraction is generally twice as high using Zb-MalE compared to Zb-MalE31. Using a low feed rate compared to high benefits the formation of the full-length soluble protein. Furthermore, by using a low feed rate, the proteolysis can be decreased. One other factor that influences the solubility is the amount of inducer used. An increase from 100 µM to 300 µM IPTG only results in more inclusion bodies being formed, the fraction of soluble protein is the same.
The quality aspect of protein production was investigated for a secreted version of Zb-MalE using two different feed rates of glucose and the maltose induced promoter PmalK. It was shown that when the protein was secreted to the periplasm, the stringent response as well as the accumulation of acetic acid (even for high feed rates) was reduced. The stringent response and accumulation of acetic acid are factors that are known to affect the quality and quantity of recombinant proteins. Transporting the protein to the periplasm results in this case on a lower burden on the cell, which leads to less degradation products being formed when the protein is secreted to the periplasm.
Seeing the feed rate as a critical parameter, the high-throughput production would benefit from a variation in the feed rate. However, since the fed-batch technique is technically complicated for small volumes another approach is needed. E.coli strains that have been mutated to create an internal growth limitation that simulate fed-batch were cultivated in batch and were compared to the parent strain. It was shown that the growth rate and acetic acid formation was comparable to the parent strain in fed-batch. Furthermore it was shown that a higher cell mass was reached using one of the mutants when the cells were cultivated for as long time as possible. The higher cell mass can be used to reach a higher total productivity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , 42 p.
Escherichia coli, high-throughput methodology, recombinant protein production, solubility, productivity, quality, cultivation technology, parallel reactors
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4270ISBN: 978-91-7178-561-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4270DiVA: diva2:11553
2007-02-16, Sal FB54, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Nordlund, Pär, ProfessorOttosson, Jenny, Ph. D.
QC 201011122007-02-022007-02-022010-11-12Bibliographically approved
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