A minichannel aluminium tube heat exchanger - Part II: Evaporator Performance with Propane
2008 (English)In: International journal of refrigeration, ISSN 0140-7007, E-ISSN 1879-2081, Vol. 31, no 4, 681-695 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper presents heat transfer data for a multiport minichannel heat exchanger vertically mounted as an evaporator in a test-rig simulating a small water-to-water heat pump. The multiport minichannel heat exchanger was designed similar to a shell-and-tube type heat exchanger, with a six-channel tube of 1.42 mm hydraulic diameter, a tube-side heat transfer area of 0.777 m(2) and a shell-side heat transfer area of 0.815 m(2). Refrigerant propane with a desired vapour quality flowed upward through the tubes and exited with a desired superheat of 1-4 K. A temperature-controlled glycol solution that flowed downward on the shell-side supplied the heat for the evaporation of the propane. The heat transfer rate between the glycol solution and propane was controlled by varying the evaporation temperature and propane mass flow rate while the glycol flow rate was fixed (18.50 l min(-1)). Tests were conducted for a range of evaporation temperatures from -15 to +10 degrees C, heat flux from 2000 to 9000 W m(-2) and mass flux from 13 to 66 kg m(-2) s(-1). The heat transfer coefficients were compared with 14 correlations found in the literature. The experimental heat transfer coefficients were higher than those predicted by many of the correlations. A correlation which was previously developed for a very large and long tube (21 mm diameter and 10 m long) was in good agreement with the experimental data (97% of the data within 30%). Several other correlations were able to predict the data within a reasonable deviation (within 30%) after some adjustments to the correlations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 31, no 4, 681-695 p.
heat exchanger, minichannel, evaporator, aluminium, experiment, propane, performance, heat transfer
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6765DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2008.02.012ISI: 000257361700013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-44449086761OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6765DiVA: diva2:11567
QC 20100708. Uppdaterad från Submitted till Published 20100708.2007-02-142007-02-142012-03-20Bibliographically approved