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Thermal stratification and mixing in a suppression pool induced by direct steam injection
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3132-7252
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2018 (English)In: Annals of Nuclear Energy, ISSN 0306-4549, E-ISSN 1873-2100, Vol. 111, p. 487-498Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

An experimental and numerical investigation of thermal stratification and mixing in a suppression pool is presented. Steam injected into a drywell flows through a blowdown pipe and then down to the pressure suppression pool where direct contact condensation occurs. The steam venting and condensation is a source of heat and momentum. A complex interplay between the two leads either to thermal stratification or mixing of the pool. The experiments are conducted in a scaled down PPOOLEX facility at Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT). The corresponding numerical simulations are performed using GOTHIC with the Effective Heat Source (EHS) and Effective Momentum Source (EMS) models. The EHS/EMS models, that have been previously proposed, predict the development of thermal stratification and mixing during a steam injection into a large pool of water. The experiments exhibit the development of thermal stratification in the pool at relatively low mass flow rates and then pool mixing when the mass flow rates are increased but later thermal stratification can re-develop even at the same relatively high mass flow rates, which is due to the increasing pool temperature that shifts the condensation to a different regime. The numerical simulations quantitatively capture this complex transient pool behavior and are in excellent agreement with the transient averaged pool temperature and water level in the pool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2018. Vol. 111, p. 487-498
Keywords [en]
Pressure suppression pool, Direct steam injection, Thermal stratification and mixing
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217397DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2017.09.014ISI: 000413877800044Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85029704434OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-217397DiVA, id: diva2:1159087
Note

QC 20171121

Available from: 2017-11-21 Created: 2017-11-21 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Villanueva, WalterKudinov, Pavel

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