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Renewable Thiol-Ene Thermosets Based on Refined and Selectively Allylated Industrial Lignin
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3201-5138
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
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2017 (English)In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, ISSN 2168-0485, Vol. 5, no 11, p. 10918-10925Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aromatic material constituents derived from renewable resources are attractive for new biobased polymer systems. Lignin, derived from lignocellulosic biomass, is the most abundant natural source of such structures. Technical lignins are, however, heterogeneous in both structure and polydispersity and require a refining to obtain a more reproducible material. In this paper the ethanol-soluble fraction of Lignoboost Kraft lignin is selectively allylated using allyl chloride by means of a mild and industrially scalable procedure. Analysis using 1H-, 31P-, and 2D HSQC NMR give a detailed structural description of lignin, providing evidence of its functionalization and that the suggested procedure is selective toward phenols with a conversion of at least 95%. The selectively modified lignin is subsequently cross-linked using thermally induced thiol-ene chemistry. FT-IR is utilized to confirm the cross-linking reaction, and DSC measurements determined the Tg of the thermosets to be 45-65 °C depending on reactive group stoichiometry. The potential of lignin as a constituent in a thermoset application is demonstrated and discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2017. Vol. 5, no 11, p. 10918-10925
Keywords [en]
Controlled refinery, Ethanol, Lignoboost Kraft lignin, Scalable procedure, Selective allylation, Thiol-ene thermoset
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-218122DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02822ISI: 000414825900151Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85033478836OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-218122DiVA, id: diva2:1159999
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Note

QC 20171124

Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, MatsLundmark, Stefan

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