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Numerical simulation of turbulent channel flow over a viscous hyper-elastic wall
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4346-4732
2017 (English)In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 830, p. 708-735Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We perform numerical simulations of a turbulent channel flow over an hyper-elastic wall. In the fluid region the flow is governed by the incompressible Navier-Stokes (NS) equations, while the solid is a neo-Hookean material satisfying the incompressible Mooney-Rivlin law. The multiphase flow is solved with a one-continuum formulation, using a monolithic velocity field for both the fluid and solid phase, which allows the use of a fully Eulerian formulation. The simulations are carried out at Reynolds bulk Re = 2800 and examine the effect of different elasticity and viscosity of the deformable wall. We show that the skin friction increases monotonically with the material elastic modulus. The turbulent flow in the channel is affected by the moving wall even at low values of elasticity since non-zero fluctuations of vertical velocity at the interface influence the flow dynamics. The near-wall streaks and the associated quasi-streamwise vortices are strongly reduced near a highly elastic wall while the flow becomes more correlated in the spanwise direction, similarly to what happens for flows over rough and porous walls. As a consequence, the mean velocity profile in wall units is shifted downwards when shown in logarithmic scale, and the slope of the inertial range increases in comparison to that for the flow over a rigid wall. We propose a correlation between the downward shift of the inertial range, its slope and the wall-normal velocity fluctuations at the wall, extending results for the flow over rough walls. We finally show that the interface deformation is determined by the fluid fluctuations when the viscosity of the elastic layer is low, while when this is high the deformation is limited by the solid properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS , 2017. Vol. 830, p. 708-735
Keywords [en]
multiphase flow, turbulence simulation, turbulent flows
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217029DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2017.617ISI: 000412462100003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85030864626OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-217029DiVA, id: diva2:1160141
Note

QC 20171124

Available from: 2017-11-24 Created: 2017-11-24 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved

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Brandt, Luca

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