Hafnium clad fuels for fast spectrum BWRs
2008 (English)In: Annals of Nuclear Energy, ISSN 0306-4549, E-ISSN 1873-2100, Vol. 35, no 1, 60-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We show that by use of hafnium cladding, a fast neutron spectrum is achievable in the top of uprated BWRs. Monte Carlo calculations have been made for Hf clad inert matrix nitride and low fertile MOX fuels, with fuel segments located in the upper part of an uprated BWR, where the coolant void fraction exceeds 70%. The nitride fuel results in the hardest neutron spectrum, but the low fertile MOX fuel still yields fission probabilities for even neutron number nuclides similar to those of sodium cooled reactors. The inert matrix nitride fuel configuration yields high burning rates, permitting to stabilise TRU inventories with less than 50% BWR cores of the here suggested type in the power park. The core with low fertile MOX fuel is less efficient, but still a zero net producer of TRU. Fuel and coolant temperature feedbacks are affected by introduction of absorbing elements in the fuel, but remain within acceptable ranges for the low fertile MOX fuel. Although control rod worths are reduced, shutdown margins are sufficient to ensure sub-criticality in cold conditions. From a materials point of view, the behaviour of hafnium clad MOX fuel would be similar to zircalloy clad MOX fuel already used extensively in nuclear industry. Thus, if dynamic stability of the core can be ensured, the here proposed fuel may be considered as a low cost solution for transmutation of minor actinides on industrial scale.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 35, no 1, 60-67 p.
Cladding (coating); Coolants; Hafnium; Monte Carlo methods; Void fraction; Clad fuels; Fission probabilities; Low fertile MOX fuels; Sodium cooled reactors; Boiling water reactors
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6794DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2007.05.006ISI: 000252911000006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-36148992195OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6794DiVA: diva2:11604
QC 20100823. Uppdaterad från Submitted till Published 20100823.2007-02-192007-02-192016-04-19Bibliographically approved