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Towards Sustainable Urban Development in Expansive Urban Regions: Conditions and Challenges for Municipal Spatial Planning Practice
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering, Sustainability Assessment and Management. (Environmental Management and Assessment)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7181-064X
2017 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

From the local to the global level, there is a growing insight that human actions are having a profound and wide-reaching impact on natural and social systems. As a consequence, there is a need for sustainable development and planners are now challenged to integrate social, ecological and economic aspects in utilized planning process that span from the regional to the local. Thus, to put sustainability into practice requires a multi-level approach that takes into consideration the actions and the development in different countries, societies, cities and communities. In other words, sustainability is dependent on the performance and outcomes of multi-level systems of governance (including planning systems) across different contexts. Based on two case studies in the expansive Stockholm region, this thesis aims to explore the conditions for spatial planning to support a shift towards sustainable urban development. More specifically, it aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the conditions for spatial planning practice to promote sustainability in a context of rapid urban expansion and to analyze the management and utilization of available statutory planning instruments as a means to foster an effective interplay in planning practice. The results show that a shift towards sustainable urban development requires that planning practices are allowed to engage in learning processes with the aim to emancipate an effective interplay throughout systems of governance. In particular, it is important that planning processes are able to (i) integrate knowledge from ‘strategic’ levels with local project-specific conditions that are revealed throughout the detailed development planning process and (ii) make use of this synthesized body of knowledge to inform decision-making. The interplay in planning practice is an important mechanism to link ‘direction’ and ‘action’ in planning practice.

Abstract [sv]

På alla samhällsnivåer så växer nu insikten om att människan har en stor påverkan på miljö och samhälle. Det skapar ett behov av en hållbar utveckling där miljömässiga, sociala och ekonomiska perspektiv kan integreras i samhällsplaneringen på såväl lokal som regional nivå. En hållbar utveckling kräver också ett samspel mellan olika nivåer för att kunna iscensättas. Den här licentiatavhandlingen syftar till att utforska hur den fysiska planeringen kan bidra till en omställning till en hållbar stadsutveckling.

Utifrån två fallstudier, vilka utförts i den expansiva Stockholmsregionen, så bidrar uppsatsen till att stärka förståelsen för de förutsättningar som finns för att skapa ett verkningsfullt samspel mellan tillgängliga planeringsinstrument i kommunal planeringspraktik.

Resultaten visar att samspelet mellan olika planer, och deras planeringsprocesser, är beroende av vilken roll, vilket format, och vilket innehåll som tillskrivs olika instrument. Vidare visar avhandlingen på vikten av att planerarna ges tillträde till läroprocesser som kan stärka samspelet mellan olika nivåer. Det handlar i synnerhet om att tillgängliggöra sig kunskap från andra planeringsnivåer som löpande kan integreras med ny kunskap som framkommer i planeringsprocessen. Samspelet mellan den strategiska översiktsplanenivån och den mer projektspecifika detaljplanenivån är en viktig mekanism för att stärka länken mellan ‘riktning’ och ‘handling’ i den fysiska planeringen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. , p. 15
Series
TRITA-SEED-LIC ; 2017: 01
Keywords [en]
Sustainable development; Sustainability; Cross-level; Interplay
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Land and Water Resources Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-218326ISBN: 978-91-7729-593-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-218326DiVA, id: diva2:1160515
Presentation
2017-12-19, D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20171128

Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-27 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Planning for sustainability in expansive metropolitan regions: exploring practices and planners’ expectations in Stockholm, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planning for sustainability in expansive metropolitan regions: exploring practices and planners’ expectations in Stockholm, Sweden
2017 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, local and regional planning practices are faced with the challenge of managing rapid growth in expansive urban regions. However, spatial planning should also contribute to the fulfilment of formalized sustainability objectives and support sustainable development. This includes addressing cross-cutting sustainability issues that transcend established administrative and territorial boundaries. Thus, the management of sustainability issues requires attention from actors at different levels, and challenges how contemporary planning practices plan for development. Based in the expansive Stockholm region, this study explores the cross-level interaction in spatial planning and decision-making and planning practitioners' experiences and apprehensions of contemporary municipal planning practices with a focus on statutory plans to achieve sustainability targets and objectives. The results show that municipal planning organizations are under pressure because of rapid urban expansion. It is concluded that the role, format and content of statutory as well as informal planning instruments are decisive for the cross-level interaction between planning levels. Moreover, planning instruments find new trajectories resulting in mismatches in expectations from planners at adjacent planning levels. This influences the interplay and preconditions for achieving national and regional sustainability targets and objectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
Keywords
Cross level; interplay; spatial planning; strategic planning; environmental management
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-218397 (URN)10.1080/09654313.2017.1391751 (DOI)000423426400001 ()2-s2.0-85031938492 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20171128

Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2018-02-20Bibliographically approved
2. PROMOTING SUSTAINABILITY IN SMALL-SCALE URBAN DEVELOPMENT: EXPLORING CONDITIONS FOR LOCAL PLANNING PRACTICE IN STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN
Open this publication in new window or tab >>PROMOTING SUSTAINABILITY IN SMALL-SCALE URBAN DEVELOPMENT: EXPLORING CONDITIONS FOR LOCAL PLANNING PRACTICE IN STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-218400 (URN)
Note

QC 20171128

Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved

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