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The impact of local work and residential balance on vehicle miles traveled: A new direct approach
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 64, 139-149 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper introduces a new approach for explaining the effects of spatial competition for opportunities based on a cumulative opportunities measure of accessibility. We focus on the case of the labor market where some municipalities offer too few workplaces for their local population, forcing some of their residents to long drives. We apply this new accessibility measure to explain households' annual mileage in Switzerland using a Heckman model to account for carless households. We find that car travel demand is much greater in municipalities with a relative undersupply in the local labor market compared to a balanced or oversupplied local labor market. The results show that driving increases with greater distance to the labor market center. The model estimates allow policy makers and planners to quantify as a first assessment the expected average mileage in each municipality for new settlements and to identify municipalities with low expected annual mileage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 64, 139-149 p.
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-218235DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.08.016ISI: 000414885200014Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85031761150OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-218235DiVA: diva2:1160774
Note

QC 20171128

Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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  • Other locale
More languages
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