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The challenge of environmental improvement in different types of innovation projects
Univ Kalmar, Dept Technol..
2005 (English)In: Advances in Integrated Design and Manufacturing in Mechanical Engineering / [ed] Bramley A; Brissaud D; Coutellier D; McMahon C, 2005, 33-44 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Product development tends to strive towards radical innovations of products to gain an advantage in a competitive market. Which tool should be used to evaluate environmental performance in order to reach the market faster with radically improved products? This paper discusses radical and incremental innovation and combines them with tools for evaluating environmental performance of products. The environmental tools examined or used in this paper are design handbook, life cycle assessment (LCA), and environmental effect analysis (EEA). This paper is based on a literature review in the field of innovation and environmental research. Primarily journal articles and conference papers have been used but also books and dissertations. The result of the discussion is that a radical innovation should use EEA as a supporting tool, and incremental innovation should use LCA. This is based on known facts about EEA and LCA. A design handbook can easily be used as a support for both types of innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. 33-44 p.
Keyword [en]
incremental and radical innovation; product development; design for environment (DfE); life cycle assessment (LCA); environmental effect analysis (EEA)
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6823DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-3482-2_3ISI: 000231847200003ISBN: 1-4020-3481-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6823DiVA: diva2:11642
Conference
5th International Conference on Integrated Design and Manufacturing in Mechanical Engineering Univ Bath, Bath, England, Apr., 2004
Note
QC 20100820Available from: 2007-02-28 Created: 2007-02-28 Last updated: 2010-08-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Product development with a focus on integration of environmental aspects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Product development with a focus on integration of environmental aspects
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Environmental awareness has increased during the past 2-3 decades, and companies have gone from simply following legislation to adding environmental considerations into their business plans. The ongoing developments make it interesting to study how leading companies integrate environmental considerations into their product development processes.

The aim of this thesis is to study how environmental considerations can be integrated into the product development process. It is based on studies made in the Swedish manufacturing industry. The research has used both quantitative and qualitative methods. The foundation for the conclusion was derived from the four different studies building this thesis.

The aggregated conclusion from the studies suggests a conceptual model consisting of four cornerstones that should be addressed in order to ease the integration of environmental concerns: the management, product development process, DfE Mindset, and DfE Tools. The development of this model has its foundation in industrial case studies that show how leading companies have integrated environmental considerations in an innovative way.

Combined with the conceptual model is a discussion concerning the usage of existing tools and how sub-activities carried out within the development process are less formal than before. This non-rigid structure is in line with what is suggested in current innovation research for radical innovation, since it enables creativity to flourish and does not limit designers. This freedom of action for the creativity of the personnel in the projects has raised the environmental work to a new level.

The thesis also suggests how to use analytical and dialogue-based tools in a development project. It is beneficial to have a dialogue tool in the beginning of a project and in a radical innovation project, while it is beneficial to have an analytical tool later on in a project if more that one tool is used or in an incremental innovation project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2007. x, 102 p.
Series
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2007:01
Keyword
Product development process, innovation, integration, environmental considerations, DfE Tools, DfE Mindset, product developmen
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4289 (URN)
Public defence
2007-03-07, F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100820.Available from: 2007-02-28 Created: 2007-02-28 Last updated: 2012-03-28Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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