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The relationship between environmental analyses and the dialogue process in product development
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).
2006 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, Vol. 14, no 15-16, 1409-1419 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Eco-design tools ought to be made more useful, so that they become effectively used in companies to support improvements of product systems. This article discusses the interconnections between environmental analysis and integrative cooperation in the product development processes. The study focuses on two different assessment tools, life cycle assessment (LCA) and environmental effect analysis (EEA), in three different combined uses. The discussion of the Eco-design methods focuses on integration in product development processes considering the relation to a product competitiveness perspective. The interviews indicate that the interconnection of methods is important as a key to real transformation of design practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 14, no 15-16, 1409-1419 p.
Keyword [en]
Eco-design; Sustainable product development; Transformative learning; Verification by acceptance; Ecology; Environmental impact; Project management; Sustainable development
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6826DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2005.11.012ISI: 000240298500013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33745647570OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6826DiVA: diva2:11645
Note
QC 20100820Available from: 2007-02-28 Created: 2007-02-28 Last updated: 2010-08-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Product development with a focus on integration of environmental aspects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Product development with a focus on integration of environmental aspects
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

Environmental awareness has increased during the past 2-3 decades, and companies have gone from simply following legislation to adding environmental considerations into their business plans. The ongoing developments make it interesting to study how leading companies integrate environmental considerations into their product development processes.

The aim of this thesis is to study how environmental considerations can be integrated into the product development process. It is based on studies made in the Swedish manufacturing industry. The research has used both quantitative and qualitative methods. The foundation for the conclusion was derived from the four different studies building this thesis.

The aggregated conclusion from the studies suggests a conceptual model consisting of four cornerstones that should be addressed in order to ease the integration of environmental concerns: the management, product development process, DfE Mindset, and DfE Tools. The development of this model has its foundation in industrial case studies that show how leading companies have integrated environmental considerations in an innovative way.

Combined with the conceptual model is a discussion concerning the usage of existing tools and how sub-activities carried out within the development process are less formal than before. This non-rigid structure is in line with what is suggested in current innovation research for radical innovation, since it enables creativity to flourish and does not limit designers. This freedom of action for the creativity of the personnel in the projects has raised the environmental work to a new level.

The thesis also suggests how to use analytical and dialogue-based tools in a development project. It is beneficial to have a dialogue tool in the beginning of a project and in a radical innovation project, while it is beneficial to have an analytical tool later on in a project if more that one tool is used or in an incremental innovation project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2007. x, 102 p.
Series
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2007:01
Keyword
Product development process, innovation, integration, environmental considerations, DfE Tools, DfE Mindset, product developmen
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4289 (URN)
Public defence
2007-03-07, F3, KTH, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100820.Available from: 2007-02-28 Created: 2007-02-28 Last updated: 2012-03-28Bibliographically approved

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