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Temperature-Independent Nuclear Quantum Effects on the Structure of Water
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2017 (English)In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 119, no 7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nuclear quantum effects (NQEs) have a significant influence on the hydrogen bonds in water and aqueous solutions and have thus been the topic of extensive studies. However, the microscopic origin and the corresponding temperature dependence of NQEs have been elusive and still remain the subject of ongoing discussion. Previous x-ray scattering investigations indicate that NQEs on the structure of water exhibit significant temperature dependence [Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 047801 (2005)]. Here, by performing wide-angle x-ray scattering of H2O and D2O droplets at temperatures from 275 K down to 240 K, we determine the temperature dependence of NQEs on the structure of water down to the deeply supercooled regime. The data reveal that the magnitude of NQEs on the structure of water is temperature independent, as the structure factor of D2O is similar to H2O if the temperature is shifted by a constant 5 K, valid from ambient conditions to the deeply supercooled regime. Analysis of the accelerated growth of tetrahedral structures in supercooled H2O and D2O also shows similar behavior with a clear 5 K shift. The results indicate a constant compensation between NQEs delocalizing the proton in the librational motion away from the bond and in the OH stretch vibrational modes along the bond. This is consistent with the fact that only the vibrational ground state is populated at ambient and supercooled conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PHYSICAL SOC , 2017. Vol. 119, no 7
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Condensed Matter Physics
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-220770DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.075502ISI: 000407557300009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028362849OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-220770DiVA, id: diva2:1171107
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QC 20180116

Available from: 2018-01-05 Created: 2018-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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