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Cyclic versus Noncyclic Chelating Scaffold for 89Zr-Labeled ZEGFR:2377 Affibody Bioconjugates Targeting Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Overexpression
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2018 (English)In: Molecular Pharmaceutics, ISSN 1543-8384, E-ISSN 1543-8392, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 175-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Zirconium-89 is an emerging radionuclide for positron emission tomography (PET) especially for biomolecules with slow pharmacokinetics as due to its longer half-life, in comparison to fluorine-18 and gallium-68, imaging at late time points is feasible. Desferrioxamine B (DFO), a linear bifunctional chelator (BFC) is mostly used for this radionuclide so far but shows limitations regarding stability. Our group recently reported on fusarinine C (FSC) with similar zirconium-89 complexing properties but potentially higher stability related to its cyclic structure. This study was designed to compare FSC and DFO head-to-head as bifunctional chelators for 89Zr-radiolabeled EGFR-targeting ZEGFR:2377 affibody bioconjugates. FSC-ZEGFR:2377 and DFO-ZEGFR:2377 were evaluated regarding radiolabeling, in vitro stability, specificity, cell uptake, receptor affinity, biodistribution, and microPET-CT imaging. Both conjugates were efficiently labeled with zirconium-89 at room temperature but radiochemical yields increased substantially at elevated temperature, 85 °C. Both 89Zr-FSC-ZEGFR:2377 and 89Zr-DFO-ZEGFR:2377 revealed remarkable specificity, affinity and slow cell-line dependent internalization. Radiolabeling at 85 °C showed comparable results in A431 tumor xenografted mice with minor differences regarding blood clearance, tumor and liver uptake. In comparison 89Zr-DFO-ZEGFR:2377, radiolabeled at room temperature, showed a significant difference regarding tumor-to-organ ratios. MicroPET-CT imaging studies of 89Zr-FSC-ZEGFR:2377 as well as 89Zr-DFO-ZEGFR:2377 confirmed these findings. In summary we were able to show that FSC is a suitable alternative to DFO for radiolabeling of biomolecules with zirconium-89. Furthermore, our findings indicate that 89Zr-radiolabeling of DFO conjugates at higher temperature reduces off-chelate binding leading to significantly improved tumor-to-organ ratios and therefore enhancing image contrast.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2018. Vol. 15, no 1, p. 175-185
Keyword [en]
affibody, DFO, EGFR, FSC, PET, zirconium-89
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-221153DOI: 10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.7b00787ISI: 000419419800017Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85040120456OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-221153DiVA, id: diva2:1174117
Note

QC 20180115

Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-29Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Ken G.Löfblom, John
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