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Toward the Realization of 2D Borophene Based Gas Sensor
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2017 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 121, no 48, p. 26869-26876Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To the league of rapidly expanding 2D materials, borophene is a recent addition. Herein, a combination of ab initio density functional theory (DFT) and nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) based methods is used to estimate the prospects of this promising elemental 2D material for gas sensing applications. We note that the binding of target gas molecules such as CO, NO, NO2, NH3, and CO2 is quite strong on the borophene surface. Interestingly, our computed binding energies are far stronger than several other reported 2D materials like graphene, MoS2, and phosphorene. Further rationalization of stronger binding is made with the help of charge transfer analysis. The sensitivity of the borophene for these gases is also interpreted in terms of computing the vibrational spectra of the adsorbed gases on top of borophene, which show dramatic shift from their gas phase reference values. The metallic nature of borophene enables us to devise a setup considering the same substrate as electrodes. From the computation of the transmission function of system (gas + borophene), appreciable changes in the transmission functions are noted compared to pristine borophene surface. The measurements of current-voltage (I-V) characteristics unambiguously demonstrate the presence and absence of gas molecules (acting as ON and OFF states), strengthening the plausibility of a borophene based gas sensing device. As we extol the extraordinary sensitivity of borophene, we assert that this elemental 2D material is likely to attract subsequent interest.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2017. Vol. 121, no 48, p. 26869-26876
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Physical Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-220604DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b09552ISI: 000417671500032Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85038212456OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-220604DiVA, id: diva2:1174256
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QC 20180115

Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Ahuja, Rajeev

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