Magnetic nanostructured materials for advanced bio-applications
2008 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
In the recent years, nanostructured magnetic materials and their use in biomedical and biotechnological applications have received a lot of attention. In this thesis, we developed tailored magnetic nanoparticles for advanced bio-applications, such as direct detection of antibodies in biological samples and stimuli responsive drug delivery system.
For sensitive and selective detection of biomolecules, thermally blocked iron oxide nanoparticles with specific magnetic properties are synthesized by thermal hydrolysis to achieve a narrow size distribution just above the superparamagnetic limit. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized and functionalized with biomolecules for use in a successful biosensor system. We have demonstrated the applicability of this type of nanoparticles for the detection of Brucella antibodies as model compound in serum samples and very low detection limits were achieved (0.05 mg/mL).
The second part is concerning an in-depth investigation of the evolution of the thermally blocked magnetic nanoparticles. In this study, the formation of the nanoparticles at different stages during the synthesis was investigated by high resolution electron microscopy and correlated to their magnetic properties. At early stage of the high temperature synthesis, small nuclei of 3.5 nm are formed and the particles size increases successively until they reach a size of 17-20 nm. The small particles first exhibit superparamagnetic behavior at the early stage of synthesis and then transform to thermally blocked behavior as their size increases and passes the superparamagnetic limit.
The last section of the Thesis is related to the development of novel drug delivery system based on magnetically controlled release rate. The system consists of hydrogel of Pluronic FP127 incorporating superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles to form a ferrogel. The sol to gel formation of the hydrogel could be tailored to be solid at body temperature and thus have the ability to be injected inside living biological tissues.
In order to evaluate the drug loading and release, the hydrophobic drug indomethacin was selected as a model compound. The drug could be loaded in the ferrogel owning to the oil in water micellar structure. We have studied the release rate from the ferrogel in the absence and presence of magnetic field. We have demonstrated that the drug release rate can be significantly enhanced by use of external magnetic field decreasing the half time of the release to more than 50% (from 3200 to 1500 min) upon the application of the external magnetic field.
This makes the developed ferrogel a very promising drug delivery system that does not require surgical implant procedure for medical treatment and gives the possibility of enhancing the rate of release by external magnetic field.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2008. , vii, 59 p.
Trita-ICT/MAP AVH, ISSN 1653-7610 ; 2008:15
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9569ISBN: 978-91-7415-184-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9569DiVA: diva2:117509
2008-12-08, N1, KTH-Electrum 3, Isafjordsgatan 28 A/D, Kista, 14:00 (English)
Nogués, Josep, Prof.
Muhammed, Mamoun, Prof.
QC 201011102008-11-212008-11-142010-11-10Bibliographically approved
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