Time domain reflectometry measurements and soil-water characteristic curves of coarse granular materials used in road pavements
2007 (English)In: Canadian geotechnical journal (Print), ISSN 0008-3674, Vol. 44, no 7, 858-872 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Coarse granular materials are used extensively in road construction. Bearing capacity can be affected by the water content in the layers of these materials. The ability to estimate water content and to infer water movements is therefore important. The purpose of the work described herein was to determine soil-water characteristic curves and the relationship between relative apparent permittivity and volumetric water content for coarse (maximum particle size 90 mm) granular materials having various gradations. The relative apparent permittivity was measured with the aid of time-domain reflectometry (TDR), and the concurrent matric suction was measured with a tensiometer. Samples were prepared in a steel box and were heavily compacted, and TDR probes and a tensiometer cup were buried within the matrix. The variation in volumetric water content with apparent relative permittivity was found to deviate from the Topp et al. relationship. Soil-water characteristic curves were described using the Brooks-Corey and van Genuchten models. A pronounced hysteresis between wetting and drying paths was observed. For the low water retention coarse materials, measurements of water content might, in general, require correction because of the nonlinear distribution of water in the sample.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 44, no 7, 858-872 p.
pavement; time-domain reflectometry; soil-water characteristic curve; granular material
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-6962DOI: 10.1139/T07-024ISI: 000249708200008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-35448953585OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-6962DiVA: diva2:11823
QC 20100705. Uppdaterad från Accepted till Published i Diva 20100705.2007-04-122007-04-122012-03-20Bibliographically approved