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The expression of emotion in the singing voice: Acoustic patterns in vocal performance
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 142, no 4, p. 1805-1815Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There has been little research on the acoustic correlates of emotional expression in the singing voice. In this study, two pertinent questions are addressed: How does a singer's emotional interpretation of a musical piece affect acoustic parameters in the sung vocalizations? Are these patterns specific enough to allow statistical discrimination of the intended expressive targets? Eight professional opera singers were asked to sing the musical scale upwards and downwards (using meaningless content) to express different emotions, as if on stage. The studio recordings were acoustically analyzed with a standard set of parameters. The results show robust vocal signatures for the emotions studied. Overall, there is a major contrast between sadness and tenderness on the one hand, and anger, joy, and pride on the other. This is based on low vs high levels on the components of loudness, vocal dynamics, high perturbation variation, and a tendency for high low-frequency energy. This pattern can be explained by the high power and arousal characteristics of the emotions with high levels on these components. A multiple discriminant analysis yields classification accuracy greatly exceeding chance level, confirming the reliability of the acoustic patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Acoustical Society of America (ASA), 2017. Vol. 142, no 4, p. 1805-1815
Keywords [en]
Perception, Vibrato, Speech, Communication, Music
National Category
Musicology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-223007DOI: 10.1121/1.5002886ISI: 000413528900021PubMedID: 29092548Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85031795162OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-223007DiVA, id: diva2:1182394
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 230331-PROPEREMO
Note

QC 20180213

Available from: 2018-02-13 Created: 2018-02-13 Last updated: 2018-02-13Bibliographically approved

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Sundberg, Johan

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf