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Origin of Magnetization Auto-Oscillations in Constriction-Based Spin Hall Nano-Oscillators
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3513-6608
2018 (English)In: Phronimon, ISSN 1561-4018, E-ISSN 2331-7019, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 014017Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We use micromagnetic simulations to map out and compare the linear and auto-oscillating modes in constriction-based spin Hall nano-oscillators as a function of the applied magnetic field with a varying magnitude and out-of-plane angle. We demonstrate that, for all possible applied field configurations, the auto-oscillations emerge from the localized linear modes of the constriction. For field directions tending towards the plane, these modes are of the so-called edge type, i.e., localized at the opposite edges of the constriction. By contrast, when the magnetization direction approaches the film normal, the modes transform to the so-called bulk type, i.e., localized inside the constriction with substantially increased precession volume, consistent with the redistribution of the magnetic charges from the edges to the top and bottom surfaces of the constriction. In general, the threshold current of the corresponding auto-oscillations increases with the applied field strength and decreases with its out-of-plane angle, consistent with the behavior of the internal field and in good agreement with a macrospin model. A quantitative agreement is then achieved by taking into account the strongly nonuniform character of the system via a mean-field approximation. Both the Oersted (Oe) field and the spin-transfer torque from the drive current increase the localization and decrease the frequency of the observed mode. Furthermore, the antisymmetric Oe field breaks the lateral symmetry, favoring the localized mode at one of the two constriction edges, particularly for large out-of-plane field angles where the threshold current is significantly increased and the edge demagnetization is suppressed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PHYSICAL SOC , 2018. Vol. 9, no 1, article id 014017
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-222431DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.9.014017ISI: 000423133900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85041056136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-222431DiVA, id: diva2:1186344
Note

QC 20180228

Available from: 2018-02-28 Created: 2018-02-28 Last updated: 2018-02-28Bibliographically approved

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Åkerman, Johan

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