Simulation of friction and wear in the contact between the valve bridge and rocker arm pad in a cam mechanism
2006 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 261, no 1, 58-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper the surface velocities obtained from a rigid body model are used to simulate friction and wear in the contact between the rocker arm pad and valve bridge in the cam mechanism of a diesel engine. The friction is simulated with two different friction models, a 3D brush model capable of handling transient conditions such as an varying normal load and varying surface velocities and a Coulombian friction model.The wear simulations are based on a generalised form of Archard's wear model. The results presented here show that both the maximum wear depths and the wear distributions are influenced significantly by the combination of wear pad radius and the position of the wear pad radius centre relative to the rocker arm hearing centre. A combination with wear pad radius of 20 mm and centre position of 5 mm is found to give the least wear depths on both the wear pad and the valve bridge. It is also seen that the contact between the wear pad and the valve bridge is mainly a sliding contact and that the transitions from sliding in one direction to the opposite are very rapid. The change of the surface shapes due to wear has a negative effect on the contact situation causing very high contact pressures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 261, no 1, 58-67 p.
simulation, friction, wear, cam-mechanism, brush model
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7004DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2005.09.022ISI: 000238856200010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33745131020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7004DiVA: diva2:11876
QC 20101008. Conference: 11th Nordic Symposium on Tribology. NORWAY. JUN 01-03, 20042005-09-282005-09-282011-09-27Bibliographically approved