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Vehicle-track dynamic simulations of a locomotive considering wheelset structural flexibility and comparison with measurements
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Railway Technology.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Railway Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2571-4662
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, ISSN 0954-4097, Vol. 219, no 4, 225-238 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Wheelset structural flexibility, that is the elastic deformation of the wheelset as a structure, can significantly influence the vehicle-track dynamic interaction. In this paper on-track simulations considering flexible wheelsets, modelled through eigenmodes derived from a finite element model, are presented and compared with on-track measurements. The effects of the wheelset structural flexibility on track forces, in the frequency range 0-100 Hz, are investigated. Results from parametric studies are also presented. The present application is a Swedish Rc7 locomotive having rather slender wheelsets. It is shown that both lateral and vertical track forces are significantly influenced by the wheelset flexibility and that the agreement with measurements is fairly good. The wheelset flexibility increases the lateral track forces. The track representation in the present context is important and the used so-called moving track model needs improvements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 219, no 4, 225-238 p.
Keyword [en]
wheelset; structural flexibility; vehicle-track interaction; track; track force; measurement; simulation
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7032DOI: 10.1243/095440905X8907ISI: 000234307600003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-28744437641OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7032DiVA: diva2:11910
Note

QC 20100701

Available from: 2007-04-27 Created: 2007-04-27 Last updated: 2016-05-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Wheelset Structural Flexibility and Track Flexibility in Vehicle-Track Dynamic Interaction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wheelset Structural Flexibility and Track Flexibility in Vehicle-Track Dynamic Interaction
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigates the influence of wheelset structural flexibility and track flexibility on the vehicle-track dynamic interaction, mainly in terms of wheel-rail forces up to 200 Hz, using simulations and measurements. The previous knowledge in this field is first reviewed and summarized, then two case studies are selected for investigation. The first case study involves a locomotive running on a tangent track section at a speed of 140 km/h, while the second one deals with a newly designed motor coach running at two adjacent and tangent track sections with different track components and at speeds up to 280 km/h.

For the locomotive case study, the wheelset dynamic properties are first investigated through experimental modal analysis (EMA) for a frequency range of 0-500 Hz, assuming free boundary conditions. The EMA results showed relatively low wheelset eigenfrequencies. A three-dimensional finite element (FE) model, which also includes the wheelset gear-box, is then developed and validated against the measurements for frequencies up to 200 Hz with good agreement. The FE results displayed a significant influence of the wheels’ flexibility on the wheelset’s total structural flexibility.

In order to assure proper representation of the track flexibility the vertical and lateral dynamic track properties at a sleeper are measured through a special vehicle at standstill, and measured track irregularities are used. In the numerical simulations, the wheelset structural flexibility is introduced using the calculated eigenmodes above while so-called moving track models are used to model the track flexibility. The simulated wheel-rail forces are then validated against measured ones obtained from corresponding on-track measurements. Results from the simulations highlight the importance of proper track flexibility modelling and track data and also show a significant influence of the wheelset structural flexibility on the lateral track forces.

For the motor coach case study, the wheelset dynamic properties are determined through numerical modal analysis using a rather simple FE model and a number of eigenmodes are then introduced in the simulations. The vertical and lateral track dynamic properties at selected track sections are measured using the standstill technique but rolling stiffness measurements, where the vertical track flexibility in the frequency range 5-50 Hz is measured continuously along the track, are also included. The track flexibility is introduced through moving track models. Measured track irregularity and vertical track roughness are also considered.

Basic numerical simulations, where the calculated track forces are compared to measured ones, are first performed and followed by a set of parametric studies. The results display a significant influence of the track flexibility on vertical wheel-rail forces for frequencies above 80 Hz, with higher forces for the stiffer track (but weaker rails). The effect of wheelset structural flexibility on the lateral force is also confirmed. The parametric studies highlight the importance of track flexibility modelling and show that modifications of the vertical track receptance, motivated by uncertainties in the pertinent measurements, can improve the simulated forces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2007. xi, 52 p.
Series
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2007:17
Keyword
Vehicle-track dynamic interaction, wheelset structural flexibility
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4345 (URN)978-91-7178-636-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2007-05-03, V2, Teknikringen 76, Teknikringen 76, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Note
QC 20100701Available from: 2007-04-27 Created: 2007-04-27 Last updated: 2010-07-01Bibliographically approved

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