Low concentrations of high prority: pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs); occurrence and high removal at wastewater treatment plant
2006 (English)In: Vatten, ISSN 0042-2886, Vol. 62, no 2, 139-148 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Development of advanced analytical tools and analysis of wastewater samples confirmed the presence of residualamount of pharmaceuticals in environment and WWTP effluent in many European countries. Significantamount of compounds (30–90 % of administrated dose of antibiotics) is transported as active substance viaurine. Only some part of taken drug dose is metabolized by organisms and the rest is excreted in changed orunchanged form. Many non-target organisms, that could share some receptors with humans, could be exposedon pharmaceutical activity. Another important issue discussed is the combination of additive, synergistic andantagonistic effect that might reveal in the mixture of pharmaceutically active compounds introduced to theenvironment. The objective of this paper is to give the overview of recent published data concerning PPCPs. Inorder to find the efficient technology for removal of residual amount of pharmaceuticals the studied methodsand solutions are presented. The most interesting removal system is based on membrane technology. Separationof micropollutants onto membrane surface gives satisfactory results in experiments. A polishing step seems tobe also a very attractive technology for treatment of biologically active substances that pass all the precedingsteps in conventional WWTP s.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 62, no 2, 139-148 p.
ecotoxicology, membrane technology, pharmaceutical residues, wastewater
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7035DiVA: diva2:11915
QC 201011042007-05-042007-05-042010-11-04Bibliographically approved