Environmental systems analysis of the use of bottom ash from incineration of municipal waste for road construction
2006 (English)In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling, ISSN 0921-3449, Vol. 48, no 1, 26-40 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bottom ash, originating from municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI), is a potential road construction material. The aim of this study was to describe what differences in resource use and emissions that can be expected if crushed rock in the sub-base of a road in the Stockholm region in Sweden were to be substituted by MSWI bottom ash, taking into account the whole life cycle of the road and including alternative disposal of the bottom ash. An environmental systems analysis approach based on a life cycle perspective was outlined and used in a case study. It was found that the studied alternatives would cause different types of potential environmental impact; whereas, crushed rock in the road's sub-base would lead to larger use of resources, the alternative with MSWI bottom ash in the sub-base leads to a larger contaminant leaching. The results are sensitive to the transport distance for the road material and to conditions affecting the leaching from the road. The differences between energy uses in the two alternatives derive mainly from production of crushed rock and from landfilling of MSWI bottom ash, whereas, the metal emissions occur in the use stage of the road's life cycle.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2006. Vol. 48, no 1, 26-40 p.
Disposal, Environmental impact, LCA, MSWI bottom ash, Waste management
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-7039DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2005.11.004ISI: 000238811000003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33744937319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-7039DiVA: diva2:11922
FunderSwedish Research Council Formas, 2004-1779
QC 20100914. Uppdaterad från Manuskript till Artikel (20100914)2005-09-282005-09-282015-07-21Bibliographically approved