Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Open System Tribology in the Wheel-Rail Contact-A Literature Review
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7560-6232
2018 (English)In: Applied Mechanics Review, ISSN 0003-6900, E-ISSN 1088-8535, Vol. 69, no 6, article id 060803Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The tiny contact zone (approximately 1 cm2) where steel wheel meets steel rail is fundamental to rail transport. This work is a comprehensive presentation of recent research in wheel-rail contact tribology. It stresses that, unlike gears or rolling bearings which are sealed contacts with reduced exposure to the surrounding environment, a wheel-rail contact is an open system that is exposed to dirt and particles as well as to applied and natural lubrication (the latter category includes rain, dew, and biological materials such as leaves). As an open system contact, it also radiates sound and airborne wear particles. These characteristics of an open system underscore the need for special studies of open system tribology. Areas requiring study include airborne particle emissions and the environmental effects of applied lubrication and friction modification. Given that adhesion, wear, and sound and particle emission are closely related in an open system, these should be studied together rather than independently.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ASME Press, 2018. Vol. 69, no 6, article id 060803
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-225341DOI: 10.1115/1.4038229ISI: 000417654900004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85034063407OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-225341DiVA, id: diva2:1194529
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Note

QC 20180403

Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Railway Open System Tribology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Railway Open System Tribology
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Tribology in the railway system is of increasing interest in the new railway era due to the demand for higher speed and load capacity. Since railway vehicles operate in an open environment, their performance depends greatly on temperature, humidity and natural and artificial contaminants. Meanwhile, the “feedback” of railway vehicles to the surroundings, such as noise and airborne particles, is of great importance to the human health and the environment. Therefore, this thesis aims to investigate the strong interaction between railway tribology and the open environment. The effects of temperatures from -35 °C to 20 °C, relative humidity from 40% to 85%, natural contaminants such as ice particles on friction, wear, noise and airborne particle emissions at the wheel–rail and wheel–block brake contacts have been investigated in both lab- and full-scale contexts.

Papers A and B investigated the effect of temperature, humidity and ice particles on the friction and wear at unoxidized and oxidized wheel–rail contacts. The results indicate that increasing humidity reduces the wear at unoxidized contacts. A decrease in temperature tends to intensify the wear until an ice layer has condensed on the wheel and rail surfaces at -25 °C. Ice particles encourage the generation of oxide flakes at the contacting path, largely inhibiting the wear process.

Paper C, which was a lab-scale test, studied the friction, wear and noise generation from pre-oxidized wheel–rail contact with varied surface features. Major results include that the wear regime transition from mild wear to severe wear is always accompanied by an increase in noise level of 10 dB and a broader bandwidth of noise.

Paper D was a validation of the major findings of paper C in a full-scale test, which also saw an increase in noise level as well as a broader bandwidth when the wheel–rail contact transformed from mild to severe wear.

Paper E studied the effect of humidity on the friction, wear and airborne particle emissions of three railway brake-block materials. The results show that cast iron generated the highest friction coefficient, wear and particle emission, and organic composite the lowest levels.

Paper F conducted a thorough literature review on the open system tribology at the wheel–rail contact. Commonly seen parameters such as temperature, humidity and natural and artificial contaminants on friction, wear, noise and particle emissions were investigated.

Abstract [sv]

Järnvägsfordonen arbetar i en öppen miljö, vars prestanda och livslängd i form av friktion och nötning beror på temperatur, luftfuktighet samt naturliga och konstgjorda föroreningar. Samtidigt är återkopplingen, som järnvägsfordon ger till omgivningen i form av buller och luftburna partiklar, av stor betydelse för människors hälsa. Därför är målsättningen med denna avhandling att undersöka den starka samverkan som finns mellan järnvägsfordon och den öppna miljön.

Effekten av, temperaturer från -35 °C till 20 °C, relativ fuktighet från 40 % till 85 % och naturliga föroreningar som snö, på friktion, slitage, buller och luftburna partikelutsläpp vid hjulräls- och hjulblockbromskontakter har undersökts, både i laboratorier och i full skala.

Manuskript A och B undersökte effekten av temperatur, luftfuktighet och snö på friktionen och nötning vid oxiderade och icke-oxiderade hjulrälskontakter. Resultaten visar att en ökad luftfuktighet, minskar nötningen vid icke-oxiderade kontakter. Minskning av temperaturen tenderar att intensifiera nötningen, tills is kondenseras på hjul- och rälsytorna vid -25 °C. Iskristallerna, ökar hastigheten på genereringen av oxidflingor i kontakten, och förhindrar i stor utsträckning nötningsprocessen.

Manuskript C, som är ett laboratorieprov, studerade friktionen, nötningen och ljudgenerering från föroxiderade hjulrälskontakter med varierande yttopografi. Viktiga resultat, är att övergången, från mild nötning till svår nötning, alltid åtföljs av en ökad ljudnivå och en ökning av ljudets bandbredd.

Manuskript D är en fullskalevalidering av huvudresultatet från Manuskript C, vilket också uppvisade en ökning av ljudnivån om hjulrälskontakten gick från mild till svår nötning åtföljt av en ökning av ljudets bandbredd.

Manuskript E studerade effekten av luftfuktighet på friktion, nötning och luftburna nötningspartiklar av tre olika blockbromsmaterial. Resultaten visar att gjutjärn genererade den högsta friktionskoefficienten, nötningsnivån och halten av partikelutsläpp. Blockbromsar tillverkade av organisk komposit, uppvisade den lägsta nivån för alla tre uppmätta parametrar.

Manuskript F redovisar en litteraturgenomgång, hur det öppna systemet, påverkar tribologin i hjul-järnvägskontakten. Parametrar som temperatur, fuktighet, naturliga och konstgjorda föroreningar på friktion, slitage, buller och partikelutsläpp diskuterades i detalj.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 50
Series
TRITA-ITM-AVL ; 2018:6
Keyword
Wheel; Rail; Brake; Environmental conditions; Tribology; Noise; Particle, Hjul; Räl; Broms; Miljöförhållanden; Tribologi; Ljud; Partiklar
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-225339 (URN)978-91-7729-710-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-04-27, Gladan, Brinellvägen 85, Stockholm, 11:04 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-05-15Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Lyu, Yezhe

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Olofsson, UlfLyu, Yezhe
By organisation
Machine Design (Dept.)
In the same journal
Applied Mechanics Review
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 56 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf