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Transport in Oxides Studied by Gas Phase Analysis
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.
2007 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The transport in oxides is studied by the use of gas phase analysis (GPA). An experimental method to identify transported species of gases and their contribution to the overall transport of gases in oxides and an experimental method to evaluate the parameters diffusivity, concentration, permeability of gases in oxides and effective pore size in oxides are developed, respectively.

Pt has two effects on the thermal oxidation of metals. One is to enhance the oxidation of metals which takes place at the oxide-metal interface by promoting a high concentration gradient of dissociated oxygen across the oxide layer. The other effect is to suppress the oxidation of metals by decreasing the contact area between metal and oxygen. The overall effect of Pt on the oxidation of metals depends on the mechanism of oxide growth in the absence of Pt. It is suggested that an appropriate amount of Pt coating induces a balanced oxide growth resulting from stoichimetrical inward oxygen flux to outward metal flux, which leads to a reduced oxidation rate.

The diffusion of diatomic gases in oxides such as vitreous silica and yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) takes place in both molecular and dissociated (atomic or/and ionic) form. The fraction of transport of molecular species decreases with temperatures, and the fraction of transport of dissociated species increases with temperatures. Measured permeabilities of diatomic gases in vitreous silica are higher than the expected permeabilities of their molecules, which are explained by diffusion of molecules combined with a retardation of dissociated species in reversible traps. The diffusion of hydrogen in vitreous silica is concentration dependent and increases with local concentration. Transport paths are shared among transported species and gases at all temperatures in YSZ. Helium shares transport path with molecular oxygen and nitrogen at low temperatures; whereas helium shares transport path with dissociated oxygen and also dissociated nitrogen at high temperatures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 2007. , 45 p.
Series
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2007:17
Keyword [en]
Gas Phase Analysis, metal, oxide, platinum, vitreous silica, yttria stabilized zirconia, diatomic gas, oxidation, dissociation, permeation, uptake/release.
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4358ISBN: 978-91-7178-620-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4358DiVA: diva2:11947
Public defence
2007-05-14, F3, F, Lindstedsvägen 26, 00:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20100705Available from: 2007-05-08 Created: 2007-05-08 Last updated: 2010-07-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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